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In this section:

1    EAFO list of LNG bunkering facilities for LNG fueled vessels in Europe

2    Statics overview of TEN-T Seaports per EU Member State and LNG Bunkering facilities 

3    Detailed description of the different LNG bunkering modes

4    LNG bunkering options for typical vessel types

 

 

1    EAFO list of LNG bunkering facilities for LNG fueled vessels in Europe

The following list is compiled from different sources providing information on LNG bunkering facilities. Stakeholder contributions to keep the list up to date and as complete as possible or appreciated. Please send your remarks to info@eafo.eu

LNG Bunkering facilities

 

 

2    Statics overview of TEN-T Seaports per EU Member State and LNG Bunkering facilities 

In the table below, an overview is provided of the number of TEN-T (Trans-European Transport Network) Seaports per Member State and the number of ports having at least one LNG Bunkering facility to supply LNG fueled vessels with LNG. Having one or more LNG Bunkering facility does not mean that the respective port is "covered". The type of facility, location, capacity and other factors will determine which vessels types can potentially be serviced.

Information on the TEN-T Seaports can be found in the final report (2018) of Implementation Plan (DIP) of the Motorways of the Sea (MoS) framework  Trans-European Transport Network and the Annex "Detailed analysis of ports and shipping operations" of the MoS study containing the statistics of the TEN-T Seaports.

 

TEN-T seaports and LNG bunkering

 

 

3     LNG Bunkering for LNG fueled vessels: different modes

Delivering LNG fuel to a ship can be done in different ways, following different methods, depending on different logistic and operational factors. Various LNG bunkering methods are available, with Truck-to-Ship (TTS) being the most commonly used. Today’s choice for TTS method has been a result of different aspects and difficulties that concur in the development of the business case for bunkering LNG as a marine fuel. On one hand the operational flexibility and limited infrastructure requirements for TTS and, on the other hand, relatively low initial investment to establish business readiness, have driven the option for this LNG bunkering method. The table below covers the relevant possible methods of bunkering LNG fuelled vessels. LNG can also be delivered to the receiving vessel by embarkation of ISO containerized LNG tanks, if the receiving vessel is pre- fitted with LNG connections the fuel can then be used. This fourth method does not involve a transfer of LNG from one storage to a LNG storage on board of the vessel.

LNG bunkering options
Different modes of LNG bunkering for LNG fueled vessels

 

 

4   LNG bunkering options for typical vessel types

Depending on the LNG quantity needed and potential time constraints for the operation it is possible that different LNG bunkering modes are more applicable to different needs, from different ship types, operational profiles and LNG fuel onboard storage capacities. Very likely larger ships, that potentially make use of LNG for longer voyages, will naturally require larger bunker volumes and, inevitably higher bunker rates. This is very likely the potential LNG bunkering characteristics for Very Large Container Ships, who stay at berth for the shortest time interval possible whilst potentially requiring the largest volumes of LNG bunkering. The table below gives some typical use cases.

LNG bunkering options for typical vessel types
LNG bunkering options for typical vessel types

Source: EMSA Guidance on LNG Bunkering to Port Authorities/Administrations