1. Joint Research Centre - Institute for Energy and Transport (JRC-IET) Project
The mission of the JRC Institute for Energy and Transport (JRC-IET) is to provide support to European Union policies and technology innovation to ensure sustainable, safe, secure and efficient energy production, distribution and use and to foster sustainable and efficient transport in Europe.
- JRC Science for Policy Report "Optimal allocation of electric vehicle charging infrastructure in cities and regions"
A geospatial analysis of electric-vehicle charging infrastructure allocation within a city and a region, based on open source GIS tools, is described. A methodology was developed to provide optimal locations of electric vehicle infrastructure (charging stations) within a spatially extended region. Two different cases were identified: placement in a city network (urban road network) and in a regional or national network (rural roads and highways). For a city and a regional network, the methodology identifies high-potential areas for the installation of charging station. In contrast, for a highway network the methodology provides explicitly the suggested locations: the charging stations should preferably be placed in already built areas, gas stations or rest areas, to minimize additional investment costs. A pilot study was made for the city of Bolzano/Bozen (city road network) and the province of Alto Adige/Südtirol (rural and highway network). The municipality and the province gave positive feedback on the suggested locations.
2. Electromobility for urban freight: FREVUE project
The public-private partnership of the European FREVUE project consists of industry partners, public sector bodies and research and networking organisations.
Eight cities in Europe demonstrate that electric vehicles operating “last mile” freight movements in urban centres can offer significant and achievable decarbonisation of the European transport system. The project covers the breadth of urban freight applications that are common across Europe, including goods deliveries, novel logistics systems and associated ICT, vehicle types and the diverse political and regulatory settings within Europe.
For more info: http://www.frevue.eu.
3. Green eMotion project
After four years Green eMotion came to an end by February 2015. The project has defined and demonstrated a European framework that connects all stakeholders for a seamless and cost-efficient electromobility ecosystem. This report summarizes the main findings.
User Acceptance needs to be increased by demonstration of interoperability and convenient usage of EVs to the customer. Incentives for reduction of the EV price like direct purchase incentives or sales tax reduction are also effective measures. Prerequisite for consumer acceptance is the availability of sufficient charging infrastructure. Installation of home chargers should be supported, but also public charging infrastructure is needed whereas the locations have to be thoroughly evaluated according to target groups needs and economical requirements.
EVs in fleets show a positive business case already today. The assessed scenarios include office car pools, taxi services, urban bus routes and urban deliveries. The different types of electric transport are compared with alternative ICE technologies.
Standardized interfaces e.g. for connecting chargers, are crucial. Green eMotion is proposing a “Roadmap towards interoperability” focused on missing standards and, in particular, on communication interfaces. The Roadmap considers 5 time steps (from 2015 to 2025) and 13 main targets distributed among them.
Grid reinforcement costs can be reduced by so called smart charging measures.
The Green eMotion analysis of the business models for public charging infrastructure revealed that public charging is a difficult business case today. The results lead to the conclusion that the business case of public charging as standalone business can only be profitable within such mid-term business scenarios in case of highly frequented charging stations. Hence, the charging stations need to be located at points of interest, so that people are willing to pay for the usage and usage time is short enough to allow for several charging events per day. An option to improve the business case of public charging is the combination of different businesses. Examples are advertising, parking in a parking lot, or to use charging to attract people for other services like shopping, cinema, eat & drink etc.
4. I-CVUE Project
I-CVUE aims to reduce CO2-emissions in urban environments by increasing the number of EV's in large fleets in urban areas.
The project will achieve this by mentoring large urban based pan-European fleet operators, offering them free EVusage analysis and mentoring and creating a framework that authorities can use to set up tailored fleet incentive programs to increase the uptake of EVs according to the specific socio-economic conditions of the city, or region.
The project will achieve actual EV uptake in large urban fleets by analysing their composition and actual vehicle usage and combining this with whole life cost analysis. This will enable us to make concrete recommendations for some or all of the vehicles to be converted to EV and for these recommendations to be implemented and evaluated within the scope of the project with the goal of putting 1000 additional EVs into fleets during the lifetime of the project.
The model for mentoring is based on the successful implementation of models in the UK and Austria. The mentoring core of the project will be enhanced throughout the project based on the relevant local incentives of participating fleets. The diversity of the fleets selected to take part in the project from strategic sectors such as rental and leasing, logistics, and corporate fleets, will ensure that the project results will be highly replicable and broadly applicable to a wide range of fleets across Europe.I-CVUE will facilitate the transfer of best practice principles and incentives between different Member States in Europe through the development of an incentive framework to support EV uptake. The results of the mentoring and analysis of the pan-European fleets taking part in the project will feed into the incentive framework and tool to be used by policymakers and fleets.
For more information please check the I-CVUE website.