Frequently Asked Questions
Yes, more functionality and additional graphs showing some additional data will be added in the course of 2020. Also, for a few countries a "vehicle calculator" enabling the comparison of TCO (total cost of ownership) for passenger cars will be added as well as an even better coverage of charging infrastructure on the Fuel Station Map.
As part of the EAFO 1 project we have done a pilot together with cities and have designed an EAFO city webpage highlighting the sustainable urban mobility topics of interest related to alternative fuels. Although the information was appreciated it was decided in discussion with stakeholders not to continue this as it was too time consuming to gather the data. In the new released EAFO 2 (since November 2018) there is no longer information on cities or regions.
Data reliability is very important for the EAFO website. Where possible we get the data directly from involved ministries or national statistics. If not (yet) possible we collect the data from different sources and make cross-checks. On each country page, you will find a link in the menu to show an overview of our sources. This overview also includes where we still have gaps and are looking for reliable sources of data.
For recharging infrastructure, we use many different sources to gather and cross-check our data.
On EAFO, we represent the "charging positions" as EVSE's (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment), which can be translated to being 1 socket or 1 plug, and only count public and semi-public EVSE. It's important to be aware, that we try to represent the data as unambiguous as possible for all countries regarding EVSE and including semi-public.
For charging infrastructure, many different definitions are used in different countries to describe the power level and the physical situation: rapid chargers, slow chargers, fast chargers to name a few terms for power levels (which are interpreted in different ways as well); station, plug, position, points, locations to name a few descriptions. EAFO follows the AFI Directive definition of "normal "and "high power" charging and "positions", we are continously on the complex proces of aligning our data with these definitions and especially for "high power" positions this is challenging with the multi-plug charging units. We welcome any help to clarify these issues!
It is possible that there are small differences in some cases, not all countries report in the same way whereas for the EAFO statistics we have harmonized data. As an example, in some cases converted eletric vehicles are counted in country statistics whereas EAFO only reports on OEM models. In another case, registration reporting includes also cars which have disappeared from statistics whereas EAFO separates reporting on new registrations from fleet totals, for the latter overview only vehicles still registered are taken into account. EAFO includes all models sold in all countries, some countries do not take all models into account.
Yes. CNG, LNG, LPG and Biofuels are now in the scope of the EAFO project.
However, since we are dependent on 3rd parties for our data, sometimes data is not yet available.
Biofuels use existing infrastructure and/or are blended in existing fuels, like bioethanol (E5/E10), biomethane (bio-CNG/bio-LNG) or biodiesel.
Please contact us! We are always open to review new data sources and reliable data concerning the alternative fuels in scope.
Stakeholders, from administrations at all levels, industry and NGO’s can in principle become partners if they add significantly to the content and quality of the website. Please contact us if you would like to discuss this.
Use the filters in the graphs to get more detailed information, in many cases this provides access to historic data or more details on technology level. Please share your opinion concerning functionality and interactivity with us.
For each page with graphs and for each graph seperately, there's a download button (the cirkel with the downpointing arrow).
This will open a new browser tab (allow pop-ups when asked), which will show the graph(s) including a table with the data in PDF.
The information we get concerning incentives comes from 33 different countries mainly through our contacts at administrations. With original texts in almost as many languages this would not be helpful to provide for most users. For this reason we have chosen to give only the incentive type and a high level description. We have asked the countries to provide a link to an official website where people can find more information and we hope to provide this in the future. Any help from EAFO users on this is welcome!
We do not have a reliable and complete overview of historic incentives. If we are able to collect this, we will publish this.
We have indeed recounted the number of recharging points deployed in Europe, in order to better reflect the actual availability of unique charging interfaces to EV-users.
In particular, this recounting exercise focused on eliminating double-counting of CCS and CHAdeMO DC fast chargers (>22 kW).
According to the definition in the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (2014/94/EU), a ‘recharging point’ means an interface that is capable of charging one electric vehicle at a time.
In practice, almost all Most (non Tesla) DC fast chargers offer both CCS and CHAdeMO charging capability.
However, since the CCS and CHAdeMO plug cannot be used at the same time, recharging points that offer both can effectively only recharge one electric vehicle at a time.
We acknowledge that, in a small amount of cases, recharging points offer only CCS or CHAdeMO charging capability, though this is currently the exception. Our sources do not yet, however, permit to single out those cases. In order to represent the actual deployment of rechargers as accurately as possible in attendance thereof, it has been decided in agreement with the European Commission to report the number of DC fast chargers per country in the following way:
“CCS + CHAdeMO + Tesla Superchargers + Type-2 AC - (Number of 50 kW DC chargers with CCS, CHAdeMO and Type-2 AC plugs)”.
To explain the new counting method:
It has been confirmed by our professional data provider, that with very little exception, the amount of Type-2 AC plugs (43 kW) equals the number of 50 kW DC chargers with 3 plugs (CCS, CHAdeMO and Type-2 AC). Based on this insight, we can abstract that the amount of CCS and CHAdeMO plugs that are connected to the same 50 kW DC charger, and therefor cannot be used at the same time, equals the number of Type-2 AC plugs.
Based on this knowledge, we can rewrite our formula to:
"CCS + CHAdeMO + Tesla Superchargers + Type-2 AC - Type-2 AC",
or even shorter: "CCS + CHAdeMO + Tesla Superchargers"
Specific information on which data was updated when, can be found on this page: Data updated.