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Sweden

Capital: Stockholm
Population: 10,230,185
Total land area (km2): 449,964 km2
Passenger cars: 4,870,783
Highway (km): 2,132 km
Category Description
Purchase Subsidies

Sweden - Purchase Subsidies

"""Climate bonus"" (Klimatbonus). This means that cars and light trucks/buses newly registered from 1 July 2018 having a CO2 emission of maximum 60g/km (NEDC value) received a bonus of up to SEK 60,000 (BEVs), depending on the CO2 emission. From 1 January 2020 the CO2 limit for new registrations to receive a climate bonus has been increased to 70g/km measured according to WLTP. CNG cars and light trucks/buses will receive a bonus of SEK 10,000 independent of the CO2 emission. For electrical vehicles (BEV) with zero CO2 emission the bonus is SEK 60,000 and plug-in hybrids (PHEV) with CO2-emission of 70g/km receive a bonus of SEK 10,020. The climate bonus must not exceed 25% of the new car price. Electric buses and trucks: Public transportation authorities buying new electric buses can receive a premium of maximum 20% of the purchase price of the electric bus. The premium must not be higher than the difference in price of the electric bus and that of the corresponding diesel bus. Plug- in hybrid buses receive half of the premium amount. Private companies buying new electric buses can receive a premium of 40% on the difference between the price of the electric bus and corresponding diesel bus. Buyers of new electric trucks will also be eligible to receive a premium. The details for this premium have not yet been decided upon (February 2020)"
Ownership Tax Benefits

Sweden - Ownership Tax Benefits

In Sweden, vehicles are subject to an annual circulation tax based on weight and CO₂ emissions per km. “Super green” cars are exempt for the first five-years after registration. This corresponds, on average, to an annual tax relief of about SEK 1 760 (EUR 170).
Company Tax Benefits

Sweden - Company Tax Benefits

In Sweden, where cars are not subject to registration taxes, the application of this approach would favour ICE over electric cars, given their comparatively lower purchase price. The Swedish legislation allows reducing the value of the benefit represented by the private use of company cars if they are electric*, and therefore reduces the amount of income taxes that needs to be paid on it. Thanks to this, the monthly cost of leasing an electric car is lower than that of an equivalent ICE for the employee, even if the car is still more expensive for the company (Wikström, 2018). In Sweden, this measure, combined with complementary activities to stimulate response from corporate social responsibility programmes, proved to be effective in stimulating the adoption ofelectric cars. In November 2017, company cars accounted for approximately 70% of the new electric car sales (Wikström, 2018).
Other Financial Benefits

Sweden - Other Financial Benefits

Reduction in company car taxation: for electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles, the taxable value of the car for the purposes of calculating the benefit in kind of a company car under personal income tax is reduced in two steps. Firstly, the benefit value is reduced to the benefit value of a comparable petrol or diesel car. Secondly the calculated benefit value is reduced by 40% (maximum SEK 10,000). The first reduction is permanent and not time limited. The second step with a 40% reduction is valid up to and including 2020, unless there will be a political decision to prolong it.
Procurement

Sweden - Public Procurement

The Swedish government mandates the adoption of environment-friendly and electric cars in government fleets, with the exception of some classes of cars (e.g. emergency vehicles, cars with more than five seats, vehicles used by security and protection institutions) (Sveriges Riksdag, 2009). The Swedish public fleet comprises approximately 32 000 vehicles (passenger cars and vans) (Wikström, 2018). The public EV fleets represent a significant purchasing group and contribute to national climate change goals.

Infrastructure Incentives

Sweden - Infrastructure Incentives

Projects from Klimatklivet assigned to EVSE for 2018-20 (Wikström, 2018). For 2018-20, additional SEK 700 million (EUR 67 million) have been assigned and the budget proposal for 2018 includes provisions to increase this amount. Implementation of support scheme for private charging (Government of Sweden, 2017c). Between 2018 and 2020, SEK 90 million (EUR 8,7 million) will be annually allocated to support home chargers with up to 50 % or SEK 10 000 (EUR 960) for hardware and installation costs.
Announced policy changes

Sweden - Announced policy changes

"Replacement of the super green car rebate in 2018 by a cost neutral bonus-malus scheme. Bonus for low emissions cars (< 60 gCO₂/km) to be set at SEK 10 000 (EUR 960) and bonus for zero emission cars to be set at SEK 60 000 (EUR 5.800). The malus will take the form of a higher circulation tax, instead of a higher purchase tax.(Government of Sweden, 2017b)."
Category Description
Purchase Subsidies

Sweden - Purchase Subsidies

"""Climate bonus"" (Klimatbonus). This means that cars and light trucks/buses newly registered from 1 July 2018 having a CO2 emission of maximum 60g/km (NEDC value) received a bonus of up to SEK 60,000 (BEVs), depending on the CO2 emission. From 1 January 2020 the CO2 limit for new registrations to receive a climate bonus has been increased to 70g/km measured according to WLTP. CNG cars and light trucks/buses will receive a bonus of SEK 10,000 independent of the CO2 emission. For electrical vehicles (BEV) with zero CO2 emission the bonus is SEK 60,000 and plug-in hybrids (PHEV) with CO2-emission of 70g/km receive a bonus of SEK 10,020. The climate bonus must not exceed 25% of the new car price. Electric buses and trucks: Public transportation authorities buying new electric buses can receive a premium of maximum 20% of the purchase price of the electric bus. The premium must not be higher than the difference in price of the electric bus and that of the corresponding diesel bus. Plug- in hybrid buses receive half of the premium amount. Private companies buying new electric buses can receive a premium of 40% on the difference between the price of the electric bus and corresponding diesel bus. Buyers of new electric trucks will also be eligible to receive a premium. The details for this premium have not yet been decided upon (February 2020)"
Ownership Tax Benefits

Sweden - Ownership Tax Benefits

In Sweden, vehicles are subject to an annual circulation tax based on weight and CO₂ emissions per km. “Super green” cars are exempt for the first five-years after registration. This corresponds, on average, to an annual tax relief of about SEK 1 760 (EUR 170).
Company Tax Benefits

Sweden - Company Tax Benefits

In Sweden, where cars are not subject to registration taxes, the application of this approach would favour ICE over electric cars, given their comparatively lower purchase price. The Swedish legislation allows reducing the value of the benefit represented by the private use of company cars if they are electric*, and therefore reduces the amount of income taxes that needs to be paid on it. Thanks to this, the monthly cost of leasing an electric car is lower than that of an equivalent ICE for the employee, even if the car is still more expensive for the company (Wikström, 2018). In Sweden, this measure, combined with complementary activities to stimulate response from corporate social responsibility programmes, proved to be effective in stimulating the adoption ofelectric cars. In November 2017, company cars accounted for approximately 70% of the new electric car sales (Wikström, 2018).
Other Financial Benefits

Sweden - Other Financial Benefits

Reduction in company car taxation: for electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles, the taxable value of the car for the purposes of calculating the benefit in kind of a company car under personal income tax is reduced in two steps. Firstly, the benefit value is reduced to the benefit value of a comparable petrol or diesel car. Secondly the calculated benefit value is reduced by 40% (maximum SEK 10,000). The first reduction is permanent and not time limited. The second step with a 40% reduction is valid up to and including 2020, unless there will be a political decision to prolong it.
Procurement

Sweden - Public Procurement

The Swedish government mandates the adoption of environment-friendly and electric cars in government fleets, with the exception of some classes of cars (e.g. emergency vehicles, cars with more than five seats, vehicles used by security and protection institutions) (Sveriges Riksdag, 2009). The Swedish public fleet comprises approximately 32 000 vehicles (passenger cars and vans) (Wikström, 2018). The public EV fleets represent a significant purchasing group and contribute to national climate change goals.

Infrastructure Incentives

Sweden - Infrastructure Incentives

Projects from Klimatklivet assigned to EVSE for 2018-20 (Wikström, 2018). For 2018-20, additional SEK 700 million (EUR 67 million) have been assigned and the budget proposal for 2018 includes provisions to increase this amount. Implementation of support scheme for private charging (Government of Sweden, 2017c). Between 2018 and 2020, SEK 90 million (EUR 8,7 million) will be annually allocated to support home chargers with up to 50 % or SEK 10 000 (EUR 960) for hardware and installation costs.
Announced policy changes

Sweden - Announced policy changes

"Replacement of the super green car rebate in 2018 by a cost neutral bonus-malus scheme. Bonus for low emissions cars (< 60 gCO₂/km) to be set at SEK 10 000 (EUR 960) and bonus for zero emission cars to be set at SEK 60 000 (EUR 5.800). The malus will take the form of a higher circulation tax, instead of a higher purchase tax.(Government of Sweden, 2017b)."