Download the full NPF documents:
English translation: slovenia npf.en.pdf
Original language: slovenia npf.pdf
NPF highlights and 2019 NPF reporting on implementation highlights
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF) as well as the 2019 Reporting by the Member States on the NPF implementation.
According to Art. 10(1) of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive, each Member State shall submit to the European Commission a report on the implementation of its National Policy Framework on a tri-annual basis, and for the first time by or before 18 November 2019. Those Reports must contain a description of the measures taken in the reporting Member State in support of alternative fuels infrastructure build-up. An overview of the Reports notified by [Member State] and received by the Commission to date is provided here below (download section), including an English translation where applicable.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance biofuels or synthetic fuels. The highlights are extracts from the NPF documents. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF documents.
Highlights 2019 Reporting on the NPF implementation
In line with the objectives of the Strategy, the development of recharging/refuelling infrastructure for alternative fuels is to run in parallel with the increasing number of alternatively powered vehicles. The strategy provides for the development of charging/refuelling infrastructure for electric battery-powered vehicles and plug-in hybrids (PHEV), and hydrogen fuel cell, CNG and LNG vehicles.
Electricity: Statistics show that in 2018 there were 1,326 passenger battery-electric cars (BEV) registered in Slovenia in total; the 2020 Strategy foresees 5,311 electric passenger cars, which represents 25% of the 2020 target. The situation regarding plug-in hybrids (PHEV) is even lower, i.e. 508 in 2018; the 2020 Strategy foresees 6,033, representing 8.4% of the 2020 target. With regard to light commercial vehicles, there is also a significant gap between the 2018 figures and the projections for 2020 (16%). Buses (50%) are doing better in relation to the projection for 2020. As yet, there are no electric heavy goods vehicles registered in Slovenia.
Natural gas – CNG: In 2018, 244 CNG-powered passenger cars were registered, representing 9.5% of the target for 2020. Light commercial vehicles (74%), heavy goods vehicles (58.8%) and buses (33.2%) are closer to the target for 2020. For buses and coaches, CNG is identified as a key alternative fuel for the achievement of the objectives. This is in line with the obligation under the Directive requiring Slovenia to deploy refuelling infrastructure for CNG in urban areas by 31 December 2020. The Strategy proposal plans for refuelling infrastructure to be deployed in all urban municipalities and in the Zasavje region, as buses powered by CNG offer a real solution for reducing air pollution from traffic.
Natural gas – LNG: No vehicles fuelled by LNG other than heavy goods vehicles are yet registered in Slovenia. LNG has been recognised as the most promising solution in international transport, and the share of LNG heavy goods vehicles is forecast to increase. 179 LNG vehicles are expected to be registered in Slovenia in 2020. In 2018, eight such vehicles were registered, representing 4.5% of the 2020 target.
Hydrogen: According to official statistics there are no hydrogen fuel cell passenger cars registered in Slovenia. The forecast for 2020 is for 77 passenger cars, 7 light goods vehicles and 2 buses.
However, it should be noted that the municipality of Velenje, in cooperation with the Šoštanj thermal power plant (TEŠ) and the Kssena Agency, is developing a public passenger transport project using hydrogen buses. In addition to the buses, the project consists of the establishment of a refuelling point and the upgrading of the electrolysis unit in TEŠ to ensure adequate production capacity for hydrogen. The project is expected to be completed in 2020.
In addition, two further hydrogen projects are in the pipeline. The first, RESHUB, is headed by the Ministry of Defence and is dedicated to the establishment of 15 hydrogen refuelling points in Slovenia. The Slovenian army recognises hydrogen as an energy product ensuring its strategic independence. This is linked to a project of zero emission corridors in Slovenia, which will benefit civilian hydrogen- powered mobility by making available the refuelling points supplying the Slovenian army
Liquefied petroleum Gas (LPG): LPG is the most common alternative fuel for passenger cars in Slovenia. 10,246 LPG-powered passenger cars were registered in 2018, representing 31.24% of the target for 2020. The number of light commercial vehicles running on LPG should be reduced in line with the Strategy for the years 2020 to 2030. For the time being, according to data from 2016 to 2018, this has not yet been the case. The number of heavy goods vehicles, like passenger cars, is set to increase. 14 LPG-powered heavy goods vehicles were registered in 2018, representing 6.8% of the target for 2020.
The figures for registered alternatively fuelled vehicles in circulation, from 2016 to 2018, show that 2020 targets have remained largely unattained. However, the situation, notably in the area of electro- mobility, compared to the starting point in 2016, is noticeably improving. The total number of registered electric vehicles in 2018 (1,834) was up by 227.5% over 2016 (560).
Highlights NPF (date of adoption: October 2017)
The Strategy for transport development in Slovenia examines alternative fuels for the use of alternative fuels in transport, and in measures: Ro.35 - Promoting the use of green vehicles and setting up a recharging stations network, M.11 - Recharging stations for alternative fuels - maritime and A.11 - Recharging stations for alternative fuels - aviation. Through the above-listed measures, the Transport strategy as well as the National programme require the Ministry of Infrastructure to prepare development plans concerning alternative fuels. The Strategy for market development for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the transport sector of the Republic of Slovenia pursues this objective. After 2025, Slovenia will restrict the first registration of passenger vehicles and light commercial vehicles of categories M1, MG1 and N1 whose CO2 share is, according to the manufacturer declaration, higher than 100 g/km, and after 2030 this threshold will be reduced to 50 g/km or more. In line with the objective, by 2025 the focus will shift to electrically powered and hybrid vehicles, and those fossil fuel vehicles that meet high standards and have a significantly lower negative impact on the environment than the vehicles currently in use.
The Strategy has the objective that Slovenia introduce at least 200 000 electric vehicles by 2030 as well as a suitable number of other vehicles powered by alternative fuels in order to meet its environmental targets.
Electric: The optimal scenario of the proposal of the Strategy forecasts an increase in the share of personal vehicles powered by alternative fuel or alternative power on the total Slovenian car fleet of 20 % by 2030. This will be possible to realise by intensively introducing the measures proposed. The scenario plans that every other newly registered vehicle in Slovenia be electric by 2030 (33 % BEV and 17 PHEV), a total of about 140,000 new PEVs in the period 2026-2030 for a total fleet of 200,000 PEV in 2030. In the Port of Koper, it will be necessary to deploy sufficient electricity for recharging ships from the land-side berthed at the port. At the airport Jože Pučnik in Brnik, this requirement has been satisfied because all stationary aircraft already have a supply of electric power. At the airport in Maribor and Portorož the supply will be in place by 2025.
Hydrogen: Hydrogen as an alternative source of energy is seen as playing a role of energy carrier for producing electric power in fuel cells for vehicle propulsion. In Slovenia, the first public recharging point for hydrogen was installed at the petrol station Petrol in Lesce in September 2013 (300/350 bar). The recharging point was installed as a ‘demo project’, the objective of which was for Slovenia to obtain the necessary experience to install such facilities. In 2030 the forecast is a fleet of 33,000 in 2030 with have of this newly registered in the period 2026-2030 and a market share of 2.8% in 2030.
CNG: For cars, the forecast is a fleet of 7,400 in 2030 and a market share of 1% in 2030. With regard to buses, compressed natural gas is the key alternative fuel in realising the objectives. For 2030, market share is forecasted to be 62% for CNG buses with 17% for electric and 4% for hydrogen. The price of buses and other heavy-duty CNG vehicles is currently around 15 % higher than diesel vehicles. The cost of modifying a passenger diesel vehicle to a bi-fuelled system (combination of CNG and diesel fuel) is around 2 500 EUR, and the cost for such modification of a heavy. Duty vehicle or bus is around 10 000 EUR.
LNG: For international transport, LNG has been recognised as the most recognisable solution, as the share of LNG heavy-duty vehicles is planned to increase. For 2030 market share of 13% is forecasted. As part of the international project POSEIDON II-MED, the paper ‘Possibilities for the supply and use of liquefied natural gas as an alternative fuel for the Port of Koper’ was prepared. Only in the Port of Koper, which is a part of the Adriatic TNT-T network, refuelling ships with LNG will have to be available in 2025 in a manner that will be justified in terms of safety, environment and economic efficiency.