Download the full NPF documents:
English translation: slovenia npf.en.pdf
Original language: slovenia npf.pdf
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF document itself.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels.
NPF date of adoption: October 2017
The Strategy for transport development in Slovenia examines alternative fuels for the use of alternative fuels in transport, and in measures: Ro.35 - Promoting the use of green vehicles and setting up a recharging stations network, M.11 - Recharging stations for alternative fuels - maritime and A.11 - Recharging stations for alternative fuels - aviation. Through the above-listed measures, the Transport strategy as well as the National programme require the Ministry of Infrastructure to prepare development plans concerning alternative fuels. The Strategy for market development for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the transport sector of the Republic of Slovenia pursues this objective. After 2025, Slovenia will restrict the first registration of passenger vehicles and light commercial vehicles of categories M1, MG1 and N1 whose CO2 share is, according to the manufacturer declaration, higher than 100 g/km, and after 2030 this threshold will be reduced to 50 g/km or more. In line with the objective, by 2025 the focus will shift to electrically powered and hybrid vehicles, and those fossil fuel vehicles that meet high standards and have a significantly lower negative impact on the environment than the vehicles currently in use.
The Strategy has the objective that Slovenia introduce at least 200 000 electric vehicles by 2030 as well as a suitable number of other vehicles powered by alternative fuels in order to meet its environmental targets.
Electric:The optimal scenario of the proposal of the Strategy forecasts an increase in the share of personal vehicles powered by alternative fuel or alternative power on the total Slovenian car fleet of 20 % by 2030. This will be possible to realise by intensively introducing the measures proposed. The scenario plans that every other newly registered vehicle in Slovenia be electric by 2030 (33 % BEV and 17 PHEV), a total of about 140,000 new PEVs in the period 2026-2030 for a total fleet of 200,000 PEV in 2030. In the Port of Koper, it will be necessary to deploy sufficient electricity for recharging ships from the land-side berthed at the port. At the airport Jože Pučnik in Brnik, this requirement has been satisfied because all stationary aircraft already have a supply of electric power. At the airport in Maribor and Portorož the supply will be in place by 2025.
Hydrogen: Hydrogen as an alternative source of energy is seen as playing a role of energy carrier for producing electric power in fuel cells for vehicle propulsion. In Slovenia, the first public recharging point for hydrogen was installed at the petrol station Petrol in Lesce in September 2013 (300/350 bar). The recharging point was installed as a ‘demo project’, the objective of which was for Slovenia to obtain the necessary experience to install such facilities. In 2030 the forecast is a fleet of 33,000 in 2030 with have of this newly registered in the period 2026-2030 and a market share of 2.8% in 2030.
CNG: For cars, the forecast is a fleet of 7,400 in 2030 and a market share of 1% in 2030. With regard to buses, compressed natural gas is the key alternative fuel in realising the objectives. For 2030, market share is forecasted to be 62% for CNG buses with 17% for electric and 4% for hydrogen. The price of buses and other heavy-duty CNG vehicles is currently around 15 % higher than diesel vehicles. The cost of modifying a passenger diesel vehicle to a bi-fuelled system (combination of CNG and diesel fuel) is around 2 500 EUR, and the cost for such modification of a heavy. Duty vehicle or bus is around 10 000 EUR.
LNG:For international transport, LNG has been recognised as the most recognisable solution, as the share of LNG heavy-duty vehicles is planned to increase. For 2030 market share of 13% is forecasted. As part of the international project POSEIDON II-MED, the paper ‘Possibilities for the supply and use of liquefied natural gas as an alternative fuel for the Port of Koper’ was prepared. Only in the Port of Koper, which is a part of the Adriatic TNT-T network, refuelling ships with LNG will have to be available in 2025 in a manner that will be justified in terms of safety, environment and economic efficiency.