Download the full NPF documents:
English translation: slovakia npf.en.pdf
Original language: slovakia npf.pdf
Download the National Implementation Report 2019:
NPF highlights and 2019 NPF reporting on implementation highlights
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF) as well as the 2019 Reporting by the Member States on the NPF implementation.
According to Art. 10(1) of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive, each Member State shall submit to the European Commission a report on the implementation of its National Policy Framework on a tri-annual basis, and for the first time by or before 18 November 2019. Those Reports must contain a description of the measures taken in the reporting Member State in support of alternative fuels infrastructure build-up. An overview of the Reports notified by [Member State] and received by the Commission to date is provided here below (download section), including an English translation where applicable.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance biofuels or synthetic fuels. The highlights are extracts from the NPF documents. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF documents.
Highlights 2019 Reporting on the NPF implementation
The National Policy Framework for the Development of the Market in Alternative Fuels – Review and Update also draws on the following government-approved documents of 6 November 2016: the National Policy for the Deployment of Alternative Fuels Infrastructure in the Slovak Republic and the National Policy Framework for the Development of the Market in Alternative Fuels (the ‘National Policy Framework’). Following on from those documents, on 13 March 2019 the Slovak government approved the Action Plan for the Development of Electromobility in the Slovak Republic (the ‘Action Plan’). In the Action Plan, the Ministry of Economy – as the body responsible for coordinating the development of alternative fuels – made the commitment, further to Directive 2014/94/EU, to draw up development action plans for other alternative fuels defined in that Directive, taking into account measures under the Action Plan for the Development of Electromobility.
The use of alternative fuels has been promoted under the National Policy Framework for the Development of the Market in Alternative Fuels in various ways, which have been reflected in its measures. These measures, which are both financial and non-financial, are described in more detail in the report and in an annex to the evaluation report (2. Policy Measures).
Electricity: Developments on the market in alternative vehicles to date have been significantly affected by the first project geared towards direct support for the purchase of alternative fuel vehicles – ‘Nationwide support from the Ministry of Economy and the Automotive Industry Association for the use of highly ecological low-emission vehicles not propelled solely by an internal combustion engine in order for such vehicles to be acquired for the testing of processes in their subsequent treatment’. Under this project, a €5,000 contribution was made to the purchase and registration of M1 and N1 category BEVs (battery electric vehicles), while €3,000 was made available for PHEVs with a battery chargeable via an external electricity source (plug-in hybrid vehicle). This project and associated activities have played a part in kickstarting the development of the market in electric-drive vehicles. The market in electric-drive vehicles (BEVs + PHEVs) numbered 643 vehicles in 2015, rising to 926 vehicles in 2016 and leaping to 1,587 registrations of new electric-drive vehicles in 2017. As at 31 December 2018, there were 2,109 registered electric vehicles.
Hydrogen: The National Policy Framework did not foresee the registration of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) in Slovakia in the coming years (up to 2020). No FCEVs were registered in Slovakia as at 31 December 2018. In response to the new CO2 emission limits for passenger cars and light commercial vehicles, along with the forecast build-up of hydrogen refuelling infrastructure in Slovakia and neighbouring EU Member States, this National Policy Framework update also frames the initial forecast of developments in the number of FCEVs up to 2030.
LPG: Vehicles running on LPG and other alternative carbon-based fuels. As noted by the National Policy Framework, unlike other alternative fuels, LPG is covered by a relatively large nationwide network of refuelling points genuinely meeting the requirements of motor vehicle operators. The range of passenger cars adjusted to run on LPG directly by the manufacturer is not as broad as it used to be, and automotive companies are no longer adding new models to their portfolios. The infrastructure of LPG refuelling points is constantly expanding, and we expect it to develop in parallel with the development of service stations for conventional fuels. In 2018, 535 new M1-category LPG vehicles were registered in Slovakia. This was a 17% year-on-year drop. Likewise, the year-on-year drops in the number of vehicle conversions to LPG at service centres have persisted, falling by 16% between H1 2017 and H1 2018. LPG is well positioned to develop as an alternative fuel if the National Policy Framework’s targets for the stimulation of purchases of new LPG vehicles and the aftersales conversion of vehicles to LPG are met. The optimal, sustainable and logical share in the total number of vehicles is 5-10%.
Natural gas: In 2018, 277 new CNG vehicles, in various categories, were registered in Slovakia. This was tantamount to 121.6% growth in new registrations year on year. As at 31 December 2018, 2,469 CNG vehicles, in various categories, were registered in Slovakia
In the first three quarters of 2019, the first 20 or so heavy- duty vehicles running on LNG were also registered, with interest in these vehicles growing. In response to the new CO2 emission limits for heavy-duty vehicles and the gradual build-up of new LNG refuelling points, this National Policy Framework update also frames the initial forecast of developments in the number of LNG vehicles up to 2030.
According to the National Policy Framework, the ideal situation for Slovakia appears to be 3- 5 public LNG refuelling points for road transport by 2025 and one LNG refuelling point for water transport by 2030. Bearing in mind the projects supported by the CEF under the 2016 transport call, the LNG infrastructure targets set by the National Policy Framework should be achieved early. However, in connection with the adoption of the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council setting CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy- duty vehicles, along with the forecast rise in heavy-duty vehicles running on LNG, the optical situation in road transport would appear to be 5-10 public LNG refuelling points by 2025. The number of LNG refuelling points for water transport has also been increased by one because the Directive envisages LNG availability at each port in the TEN-T Core Network, i.e. the ports of Bratislava and Komárno in Slovakia.
Highlights NPF (date received by DG MOVE: November 2016)
The lack of harmonised development of support for means of transport (vehicles, vessels, etc.) and alternative fuels infrastructure prevents the development of economies of scale on the supply side and mobility on the demand side. New infrastructure networks need to be built up, such as for electricity, liquefied natural gas (LNG) and compressed natural gas (CNG), and networks need to be completed for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and, where appropriate, hydrogen. Technological neutrality should be ensured and due account should be taken of the requirement to support the commercial development of alternative fuels. However, the building of infrastructure must not be autotelic, but needs to be harmonised with the development of the market in low-emission vehicles. In the preparation of support measures for the development of alternative fuel use, the development of infrastructure and the vehicles market should be viewed as a single integral whole because neither of these aspects would be able to function successfully on its own.
Electricity: Electricity has the potential to increase the energy efficiency of road vehicles and to contribute to a CO2 reduction in transport. It is a power source that is indispensable for the deployment of electric vehicles, including L-category vehicles, which can contribute to improving air quality and reducing noise in urban agglomerations and other densely populated areas. Electro-mobility is a fast developing area. For PEV penetration, the technical and standard scenarios draw on expert assumptions approved by the Slovak Government in the form of the Strategy for the Development of Electro-mobility in the Slovak Republic and its Impact on the National Economy of the Slovak Republic. In these scenarios in 2020 PEV market share will be between 5.35% and 9.43%, growing in 2030 between 16.63% and 30.83%. The estimate for 2020 is 10,000 PEV on the road. Vessels used in passenger and freight shipping, upon arriving in a port, should be able to connect to a shore-side electricity supply while parked and moored in the port. This significantly reduces emissions in this area, which is also in line with the Strategic Plan for the Development of Transport Infrastructure up to 2020, a document defining Strategic Objective SV4 ‘Reducing the environmental impacts of water transport’ and Priority SV4.1 ‘Reducing emissions from the operation of vessels’.
Hydrogen: Slovakia will analyse opportunities to further the advancement of hydrogen infrastructure by reference to current hydrogen use and existing storage- related challenges. However, from the medium- and long-term aspect of the further development and unlocking of the potential offered by hydrogen, especially in the transport and energy sectors, it will be necessary to support further research for the commercial use of hydrogen in transport, the seeking of potential natural geological structures for hydrogen storage, and the applicability of such fuel.
CNG: Slovakia’s target to have 1% of vehicles running on natural gas in 2025 and 2% in 2030 is feasible if the corresponding support measures are in place. Slovakia aims to build new CNG refuelling points in Slovakia by 2025, targeting a minimum of 50 and ideally 80 such facilities. The forecast for CNG vehicles is 5,000 in 2020 going to 30,000 in 2030. The development of CNG in Slovakia has been closely linked to public bus transport.
LNG: For Slovakia, the ideal situation appears to be 3-5 public LNG refuelling points for road transport by 2025 and one LNG refuelling point for water transport by 2030. Through the TEN-T programme, the EU has co-financed the project ‘LNG Masterplan for Rhine- Main-Danube (2012-EU-18067-S)’, which centres on the use of LNG for inland navigation and sets out to interlink the North Sea (Atlantic Ocean), via the Rhine, Main and Danube, with the Black Sea, and to green water transport with inland vessels running on LNG. At both ends of the inland waterway, there would be large LNG terminals. Inland ports would be supplied by river tankers or would draw on locally produced LNG.