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English translation: slovakia npf.en.pdf
Original language: slovakia npf.pdf
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF document itself.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels.
NPF received by DG MOVE: November 2016
The lack of harmonised development of support for means of transport (vehicles, vessels, etc.) and alternative fuels infrastructure prevents the development of economies of scale on the supply side and mobility on the demand side. New infrastructure networks need to be built up, such as for electricity, liquefied natural gas (LNG) and compressed natural gas (CNG), and networks need to be completed for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and, where appropriate, hydrogen. Technological neutrality should be ensured and due account should be taken of the requirement to support the commercial development of alternative fuels. However, the building of infrastructure must not be autotelic, but needs to be harmonised with the development of the market in low-emission vehicles. In the preparation of support measures for the development of alternative fuel use, the development of infrastructure and the vehicles market should be viewed as a single integral whole because neither of these aspects would be able to function successfully on its own.
Electricity: Electricity has the potential to increase the energy efficiency of road vehicles and to contribute to a CO2 reduction in transport. It is a power source that is indispensable for the deployment of electric vehicles, including L-category vehicles, which can contribute to improving air quality and reducing noise in urban agglomerations and other densely populated areas. Electro-mobility is a fast developing area. For PEV penetration, the technical and standard scenarios draw on expert assumptions approved by the Slovak Government in the form of the Strategy for the Development of Electro-mobility in the Slovak Republic and its Impact on the National Economy of the Slovak Republic. In these scenarios in 2020 PEV market share will be between 5.35% and 9.43%, growing in 2030 between 16.63% and 30.83%. The estimate for 2020 is 10,000 PEV on the road. Vessels used in passenger and freight shipping, upon arriving in a port, should be able to connect to a shore-side electricity supply while parked and moored in the port. This significantly reduces emissions in this area, which is also in line with the Strategic Plan for the Development of Transport Infrastructure up to 2020, a document defining Strategic Objective SV4 ‘Reducing the environmental impacts of water transport’ and Priority SV4.1 ‘Reducing emissions from the operation of vessels’.
Hydrogen:Slovakia will analyse opportunities to further the advancement of hydrogen infrastructure by reference to current hydrogen use and existing storage- related challenges. However, from the medium- and long-term aspect of the further development and unlocking of the potential offered by hydrogen, especially in the transport and energy sectors, it will be necessary to support further research for the commercial use of hydrogen in transport, the seeking of potential natural geological structures for hydrogen storage, and the applicability of such fuel.
CNG:Slovakia’s target to have 1% of vehicles running on natural gas in 2025 and 2% in 2030 is feasible if the corresponding support measures are in place. Slovakia aims to build new CNG refuelling points in Slovakia by 2025, targeting a minimum of 50 and ideally 80 such facilities. The forecast for CNG vehicles is 5,000 in 2020 going to 30,000 in 2030. The development of CNG in Slovakia has been closely linked to public bus transport.
LNG: For Slovakia, the ideal situation appears to be 3-5 public LNG refuelling points for road transport by 2025 and one LNG refuelling point for water transport by 2030. Through the TEN-T programme, the EU has co-financed the project ‘LNG Masterplan for Rhine- Main-Danube (2012-EU-18067-S)’, which centres on the use of LNG for inland navigation and sets out to interlink the North Sea (Atlantic Ocean), via the Rhine, Main and Danube, with the Black Sea, and to green water transport with inland vessels running on LNG. At both ends of the inland waterway, there would be large LNG terminals. Inland ports would be supplied by river tankers or would draw on locally produced LNG.