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NPF highlights

Download the full NPF documents:

English translation: malta npf.en.pdf

Original language: malta npf.pdf

Download the National Implementation Report 2019:

Malta NIR

NPF highlights and 2019 NPF reporting on implementation highlights

On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF) as well as the 2019 Reporting by the Member States on the NPF implementation.

According to Art. 10(1) of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive, each Member State shall submit to the European Commission a report on the implementation of its National Policy Framework on a tri-annual basis, and for the first time by or before 18 November 2019. Those Reports must contain a description of the measures taken in the reporting Member State in support of alternative fuels infrastructure build-up. An overview of the Reports notified by [Member State] and received by the Commission to date is provided here below (download section), including an English translation where applicable.

The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance biofuels or synthetic fuels. The highlights are extracts from the NPF documents. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and  complete overview, we  advise to read the NPF documents


Highlights 2019 Reporting on the NPF implementation 

Through a number of actions, in line with its National Transport Strategy 2050, Malta continues to strive to achieve the decarbonisation of its transport sector, though this would likely be dependent on international market developments and advances in vehicle engine and battery technology.

On 22 October 2019, Malta declared a state of climate emergency, becoming the eighth country in the world to do so. Parliament unanimously adopted a resolution which among other measures included the change in the name of the Parliamentary Environment and Development Planning Committee to the Environment, Climate Change and Development Planning Committee. The main challenge is to break the transport system’s dependence on oil without compromising efficiency and mobility. The Maltese Government is addressing the eventual changeover by gradually phasing in the new technology, and actively supporting and incentivising this change. For this purpose, anE-Cars Commission was established.

Representatives from the Environmental Resources Authority, the Authority for Transport in Malta, Malta Resources Authority, the Ministry for Environment, the Ministry for Transport, and the Ministry for Energy, form this Commission which has been tasked to establish a cut-off date for the importation and registration of conventional fuel vehicles.

Electricity: Based on the environmental advantages and the potential to further reduce the CO2 content of electricity in Malta (for example by extending solar energy production), e- mobility is considered as the most promising fuel for future transport systems in Malta. Nevertheless, the price differential of electric vehicles will still challenge the penetration of this new technology for the years to come. Still, Malta remains committed to put 5,000 electric vehicles (including Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Range Extender Electric vehicles) on the road by 2020. It is to be noted that electric quadricycles, electric scooters and electric bikes are also included in the target. A road map to achieve this target is set out in the current Malta National Electro-mobility Action Plan, which as already indicated in this report, is in the process of being updated.

NG: Alternative Fuels in road transport Study As stated in Malta’s NPF, the government commissioned a feasibility study for the deployment of LNG and CNG infrastructure for road transportation in order to understand the financial and economic costs and benefits of the introduction of LNG and CNG in Malta by considering local road transport and the technical aspects of these alternative fuels. Making a number of assumptions, the demand analysis of this study leads to the conclusion that CNG demand in Malta is assumed to commence in 2021 and to reach the current EU average take up of 0.0864% over a seven year period, by 2027. The reason being that EVs are prioritised over CNG vehicles while manufacturers have clearly shifted their focus onto electric vehicles, with virtually no indication of new natural gas models. The maximum cumulative uptake in Malta is assumed at 0.30% in 2032 representing c. 1,400 CNG vehicles. The demand for CNG vehicles in Malta is assumed to gradually decline thereafter given the anticipated price convergence of electric vehicles and conventionally fuelled vehicles in 2035, with only c. 40 CNG vehicles remaining as part of the fleet by 2049. Likewise, the report on the demand of LNG notes:

LNG: demand in Malta is forecasted to begin in 2026, following deployment of an L-CNG station on the island. LNG vehicles will reach current average EU levels of 0.0530% of the Maltese N3 fleet by 2026 in Malta, which translates to 3 LNG vehicles, and is projected to increase to 0.6589% in 2034, amounting to 43 vehicles. This demand is expected to continue to rise slowly over the forecast period, reaching a maximum of 73 vehicles (08978% of MT fleet of N3 vehicles ) in 2049. It is to be kept in mind that due to Malta’s insularity, demand for CNG and LNG from vehicles emanating from other Member States is assumed negligible. Develop an LNG deployment action plan for the TEN-T Core ports

In 2019, the study on LNG Bunkering12 in Malta was completed. The results will be used to assist the Government of Malta in the adoption of a national policy for the implementation of the required LNG bunkering facilities in Malta, thus stimulating the LNG uptake as a marine fuel and attracting potential investors in this sector. Activities covered in the study include: Detailed Option Analysis & CBA ; Risk Assessment Study; Legislative/Regulatory Analysis; Training Needs Analysis; Project Management, dissemination and public awareness - CEF Grant Agreement obligation.

The first part of the study focused on the estimation of potential bunkering market demand in Malta, considering three different scenarios (LOW, MID and HIGH) covering three phases, Phase I from 2020 to 2024, Phase II from 2025 to 2030 and Phase III from 2031 to 2056. Results of market study show that LNG bunkering demand in Malta is expected to start from 2025, reaching 31,000 tonnes/year in 2030 and increasing up to 339,000 tonnes/year in 2056 (based on MID scenario). Before 2025, no demand is expected unless a pilot project takes place, even though based on preliminary meetings with local companies as part of this study, there seems to be currently little interest from shipping companies.

Infrastructure Malta will undertake the necessary investment to provide shore side supplyon all the quays within the TEN-T Grand Harbour that are utilised for Cruise Liner Ships.The Grand Harbour is the only port in Malta which is accessibile for cruise liners and provides necessary berthing. Malta will be seeking EU funding specifically for the provision of shore supplies on quays which are predominantly used for cruise liner vessels. This project will be referred to as Phase I for shore side supply as Malta will subsequently undertake investment on other quays within the Grand Harbour which handle other vessels such as roro etc (Phase II). The envisioned investment of Phase I is estimated at €40million.


Highlights NPF (date of adoption: February 2018)

Malta has established indicative national decarbonisation targets in road transport which it will strive to achieve. In particular an ambitious national target has been set for shifting 50% of the urban transport away from conventionally fuelled cars by 2030. The Malta Transport Master Plan, 2025 sets an ambitious target of 20% of the national vehicle fleet should be composed of non-conventionally fuelled vehicles by 2025.

Electricity: Electric transport for road vehicles is considered to be a suitable option for personal mobility in Malta, as distances travelled are short. Malta remains committed to put 5,000 electric vehicles (include Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Range Extender Electric vehicles) on the road by 2020. It is to be noted that electric quadricycles, electric scooters and electric bikes are also included in the target. It is planned that an action plan for implementation of shore side electricity at the ports of Valetta and Marsaxlokk will be finalised by the end of 2018. Currently, there is no aerobridge infrastructure and hence aircraft configuration and parking places are fluctuating. Therefore, for the time being, no infrastructure for electricity supply at the airport is planned in Malta.

Hydrogen: Malta has no immediate plans to establish a hydrogen refuelling network, as the cost of the infrastructure is greatly disproportionate to current demand and considering the limited range on the island as well as the highest energy efficiency of battery electric vehicles, electro mobility is considered as a better option in the near future.

CNG: Currently the opportunity of introducing CNG as an alternative fuel for heavy duty vehicles fleet at present seems limited. 

LNG: The government will commission a study on alternative fuels (CNG, LNG and possibly hydrogen). This should therefore consider the deployment of LNG infrastructure for road transportation to determine current and future demand in Malta for LNG fuelling facilities, associated costs and calculation of economic, financial and environmental benefits that would result from this investment.