Download the full NPF documents:
English translation: latvia npf.en.pdf
Original language: latvia npf.pdf
Download the National Implementation Report 2019:
NPF highlights and 2019 NPF reporting on implementation highlights
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF) as well as the 2019 Reporting by the Member States on the NPF implementation.
According to Art. 10(1) of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive, each Member State shall submit to the European Commission a report on the implementation of its National Policy Framework on a tri-annual basis, and for the first time by or before 18 November 2019. Those Reports must contain a description of the measures taken in the reporting Member State in support of alternative fuels infrastructure build-up. An overview of the Reports notified by [Member State] and received by the Commission to date is provided here below (download section), including an English translation where applicable.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance biofuels or synthetic fuels. The highlights are extracts from the NPF documents. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF documents.
Highlights 2019 Reporting on the NPF implementation
“Alternative Fuels Development Plan 2017-2020” (hereinafter "Alternative Fuels Development Plan") has been developed by the Cabinet Resolution No. 202 to reduce the negative environmental impact of transport and to transpose the requirements of Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure. The Plan is in line with objectives and tasks towards reduction of negative environmental impacts and promoting sustainable development set out by the Latvian National Development Plan 2014-2020, the Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia till 2030, the Environmental Policy Guidelines
2014-2020, the Energy Development Guidelines 2016-2020 as well as the Transport Development Guidelines 2014-2020, and in line with the objectives set out in the Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area - towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system. Air pollution has been identified as a significant factor in human life expectancy. Greenhouse gases (GHG) trap heat from the earth's surface and prevent it from escaping into space, which in turn causes global warming. According to the research task, modelling and calculation of GHG emissions, a set of scenarios was developed, which resulted in the determination of the Optimal scenario for the implementation of alternative fuels.
1 Developing CNG, LNG and biofuels as transitional technologies for reducing GHG emissions from road transport are the most efficient alternatives in terms of cost till 2035.
2 Electric vehicle and biofuel scenarios are beneficial after 2035 and in the long term, both in terms of cost and GHG reduction.
Draft Order “Amendments to the Alternative Fuels Development Plan 2017-2020 provides for new measures that are in preparation, however, it is planned to set requirements to encourage the use of alternative fuel vehicles for taxi and commercial cars. This would be an advantage for passenger transport (taxis) of electric vehicles and natural gas vehicles. There are also plans to impose requirements in the public service sector, with restrictions on vehicles that use fossil fuels, such as city buses, city cars or suburban cars. It is also planned to carry out an assessment of possible solutions to ensure that excise tax relief is applied to natural gas used as a fuel in transport if biogas blends are added.
Road transport – Latvia has the fourth oldest road transport fleet in the EU, with an average age of registered vehicles of around 14 years, while the average age of vehicles in technical condition (those passed the technical test) is 13 years. 92% of the road transport fleet in Latvia consists of fossil fuel powered vehicles, which are the main source of GHG emissions.4 Renewal of the road transport fleet, including the acquisition of environmentally friendly public transport vehicles is a positive trend observed every year. But this is not enough and this issue is one of the weak points in Latvia. In addition, there is a high risk in the near future that the vast majority of non-green cars will come from a number of countries where the road transport fleet replacement will be subsidized. This could significantly worsen Latvia's position and make the achievement of the set goals more difficult.
Maritime transport: Measure 1.9 of the Alternative Fuels Development Plan requires an assessment of the necessity and economic feasibility of setting up LNG fuelling points in ports (in TEN-T core network). As the measure is due to be completed by December 31, 2020, the evaluation is under construction, so we will be in position to announce the number of LNG fuelling points after the evaluation. Similar situation is with the number of power supply points to be created, - this measure is also planned and is being under assessment, thus we will be able to provide more specific information on this number only after 31 December 2020.
Electricity: to date, several measures to promote electro-mobility have been implemented in Latvia, focusing on encouraging the interest of electro-mobility, providing responses in the form of taxes, direct purchase subsidies and other measures. At the same time, the existing measures are not yet sufficient to ensure rapid increase in EVs in Latvia.
Natural gas: Natural gas – Latvia's natural gas supply system is not directly connected to the systems of other EU Member States except for Lithuania and Estonia. However, since the Klaipeda LNG terminal has been opened, it is possible to receive natural gas not only from Russia but also from other countries as well. It should be admitted that until now the use of natural gas in the transport sector in Latvia has been rather underdeveloped. As of 1 October 2019, there are 70 vehicles registered in Latvia that can use natural gas as a fuel, 157 vehicles that can use both petrol and natural gas, and 27 vehicles that can use natural gas and petroleum gas as a fuel. Currently there are two publicly available CNG filling stations in Latvia.
Highlights NPF (date of adoption: April 2017)
Upon assessing the current situation in Latvia a conclusion may be drawn that deployment of alternative fuels is gradually taking place in the field of transport (electricity and biofuel), however, the current measures are not sufficient and without additional action in this field the trends which have started during the last years, may end due to the lack of an appropriate infrastructure. An exception is promotion of EV and of development of its charging infrastructure for which the EMDP has been developed and accepted and which, to a large extent, has promoted the situation that the number of EV and their charging stations is increasing in Latvia as opposed to the situation with the spread of natural gas and hydrogen as the fuel type for the deployment of which a State policy has not been developed. The alternative fuels vehicle fleet in 2016: approximately 7 % LPG, 0.03% (252 units) are electric vehicles; 33 units are vehicles driven by gas (CNG or LPG); 27 units are with electricity and petrol engine ("Plug-in" hybrids, PHEV).
Electricity: In relation to establishment of the national EV charging infrastructure research was carried out in 2015 regarding development of the placement of 60 fast charging stations on TEN-T roads where optimal placement sites were found for the placement of recharge stations of the first stage on TEN-T roads. In order to determine the placement of charging stations on regional roads connecting TEN-T roads, it is planned to carry out a separate research. Thus, in 2018 the aid rate for one vehicle is EUR 7000 (the total amount necessary for aid EUR 1,504,000, electric vehicles form 1.2 % of the new car market), in 2019 - EUR 5000 (the total amount necessary for aid EUR 1,056,000, electric vehicles form 1.5 % of the new car market), and in 2020 - EUR 3000 (the total amount necessary for aid EUR 640,000, electric vehicles form 2.5 % of the new car market).
Hydrogen: The local government of Riga has joined the European Association for Hydrogen and fuel cells and Electro-mobility (HyER) and is participating in several international projects which are related to introduction of FCEV, including in the project which provides for the placement of public hydrogen refuelling stations in Riga.
CNG: Taking into account that laid down in Directive 2014/94/EU that there should be at least 150 km between CNG refuelling station which is determined on the basis of the average run of vehicles driven by CNG, it would be necessary to establish at least five CNG refuelling stations in Latvia in order to conform to the minimum requirements of Directive 2014/94/EU. On the basis of the models for the establishment of CNG refuelling stations described previously, establishment of a mobile refuelling system could be considered as one of solutions in the case of Latvia
LNG: In Latvia several LNG terminals are planned by merchants, and currently the State is not planning to involve in implementation of the abovementioned measures.