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English translation: latvia npf.en.pdf
Original language: latvia npf.pdf
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF document itself.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels.
NPF date of adoption: April 2017
Upon assessing the current situation in Latvia a conclusion may be drawn that deployment of alternative fuels is gradually taking place in the field of transport (electricity and biofuel), however, the current measures are not sufficient and without additional action in this field the trends which have started during the last years, may end due to the lack of an appropriate infrastructure. An exception is promotion of EV and of development of its charging infrastructure for which the EMDP has been developed and accepted and which, to a large extent, has promoted the situation that the number of EV and their charging stations is increasing in Latvia as opposed to the situation with the spread of natural gas and hydrogen as the fuel type for the deployment of which a State policy has not been developed. The alternative fuels vehicle fleet in 2016: approximately 7 % LPG, 0.03% (252 units) are electric vehicles; 33 units are vehicles driven by gas (CNG or LPG); 27 units are with electricity and petrol engine ("Plug-in" hybrids, PHEV).
Electricity:In relation to establishment of the national EV charging infrastructure research was carried out in 2015 regarding development of the placement of 60 fast charging stations on TEN-T roads where optimal placement sites were found for the placement of recharge stations of the first stage on TEN-T roads. In order to determine the placement of charging stations on regional roads connecting TEN-T roads, it is planned to carry out a separate research. Thus, in 2018 the aid rate for one vehicle is EUR 7000 (the total amount necessary for aid EUR 1,504,000, electric vehicles form 1.2 % of the new car market), in 2019 - EUR 5000 (the total amount necessary for aid EUR 1,056,000, electric vehicles form 1.5 % of the new car market), and in 2020 - EUR 3000 (the total amount necessary for aid EUR 640,000, electric vehicles form 2.5 % of the new car market).
Hydrogen:The local government of Riga has joined the European Association for Hydrogen and fuel cells and Electro-mobility (HyER) and is participating in several international projects which are related to introduction of FCEV, including in the project which provides for the placement of public hydrogen refuelling stations in Riga.
CNG: Taking into account that laid down in Directive 2014/94/EU that there should be at least 150 km between CNG refuelling station which is determined on the basis of the average run of vehicles driven by CNG, it would be necessary to establish at least five CNG refuelling stations in Latvia in order to conform to the minimum requirements of Directive 2014/94/EU. On the basis of the models for the establishment of CNG refuelling stations described previously, establishment of a mobile refuelling system could be considered as one of solutions in the case of Latvia
LNG: In Latvia several LNG terminals are planned by merchants, and currently the State is not planning to involve in implementation of the abovementioned measures.