Download the full NPF documents:
English translation: hungary npf.en.pdf
Original language: hungary npf.pdf
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF document itself.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels.
NPF date of adoption: December 2016
Various scenarios have been prepared to forecast the penetration of vehicles powered by alternative fuels and of the associated infrastructure due to the current changing economic environment and rapid technological advances. The low-penetration scenario assumes that current economic growth projections do not materialise and no further incentives are introduced. However, Hungary would still meet the targets identified in the Directive even under the low-penetration scenario. The realistic penetration scenario assumes that the present legal and economic environment is sustained and the current subsidy schemes are continued. The high-penetration scenario assumes more rapid technological advances in alternative fuel vehicles and an expansion of the present incentive system.
The forecasts were based on the background study prepared by the Institute for Transport Sciences, the background studies for the PAN-LNG project, the Jedlik Ányos Plan and technical consultations with the Ministry of National Economy and other organisations participating in public consultation. The scenarios forecasts show that the highest penetration is foreseen for natural gas as alternative fuel (all vehicle types), followed by electric vehicles, mainly passenger cars but including hybrids. The Government adopted a decision on the National Action Plan for Bus Manufacturing in the second quarter of 2016, which treats the deployment of alternative fuel buses as a priority.
Electricity: In the realistic scenario, electric passenger cars (including hybrids) are foreseen to go from 21,000 to 181,900 in 2030. For 2020, 200 electric buses are foreseen. At the end of 2015, there were 13 recharging points in the ports within the TEN-T Core Network, 12 of which were in the Freeport of Csepel. The installation of 2x2 new recharging points is included in a project in preparation. At the end of 2015, there were 15 recharging points in the ports outside the TEN-T Core Network. Dunaújváros currently has 12 recharging points, which meet demand; no expansion is therefore planned. In Győr-Gönyű, the installation of an additional 4 recharging points is planned in addition to the 3 existing points. At the Liszt Ferenc International Airport are 57 stands, a ground power unit is only available at 9 stands close to Terminal 2. When the new jetty is constructed, some new stands with ground power units will be built nearby.
Hydrogen: targets for infrastructure and vehicles are provided in the NPF
CNG:For CNG, the realistic scenario foresees 21,000 passenger cars in 2020, 81,600 in 2025 and 284,000 in 2030. In 2016 there were 1,700 CNG passenger cars. LCV grow from 3,600 in 2020 to 30,000 in 2030. Heavy duty trucks from 1,650 in 2020 to 10,100 in 2030 and buses 750 to 2,700. Hungary is promoting the establishment of CNG refuelling infrastructure in Hungary along TEN-T corridors by installing 39 innovative Clean Fuel Boxes, and the establishment of domestic production and international marketing capacities for the technology.
LNG: The realistic scenario foresees 2,500 LNG HD trucks in 2020 going to 13,500 in 2030. Buses from 50 to 700. Establishment of LNG refuelling station for vessels in the Freeport of Csepel, development of an LNG ship- to-ship bunkering vessel. The refuelling station opens the way to LNG-based navigation (PAN-LNG 4 Danube project, 2017-2018). Five additional LNG bunkering sites are planned for 2025.