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NPF highlights

Download the full NPF documents:

English translation: greece npf.en.pdf

Original language: greece npf.pdf

Introduction

On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and  complete overview, we  advise to read the NPF document itself

The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels. 

 

NPF date of adoption: October 2017

Specifically, in order to gauge the future usage of fuels in the transport sector, it is necessary to identify and have knowledge of a substantial amount of data concerning areas such as vehicle technology evolution, domestic vehicle production, the cost of purchasing, running and maintaining vehicles, energy and environmental benefits, and the network of fuel supply infrastructures available to meet market demand. 

Electricity: In Greece, the use of electric vehicles is at embryonic stage, primarily taking the form of street cleaning or municipal police vehicles. Note that the first electric vehicle chargers were installed in Greece in 2011 and sales of electric vehicles started in 2013. In the most optimistic scenario for the growth rate of electric vehicle use in Greece, it is estimated that as a minimum, in 2020 there will be 3,500 electric vehicles of all types in circulation, in 2025, that figure will be 8 000 vehicles and in 2030, there will be 15 000 electric vehicles in circulation. Taking into account the current situation in Greece as far as the use of electricity as a fuel is concerned, namely, the scenario of 3,500 electric vehicles by 2020 (table 2.1) and the fact that the initial cost of acquiring electric vehicles is still extremely high in Greece, it is estimated that the number of electric vehicle recharging points (both public and private) by 2020 will not exceed 2,000

Existing shore-side infrastructure for supplying electricity to floating craft at maritime and inland ports in Greece primarily relates to tourist ports (marinas, harbours, anchorages, hotel docking facilities, etc.) whereas at Greece's major ports where sea-going vessels berth, infrastructure is limited and primarily relates to pilot applications (such as the ELEMED). In all events, at small anchorages the minimum installed capacity is 250 KVA, for harbours 630 KVA and for large marinas 800 kVA. Shore-side electricity supply at maritime ports, both on the TEN-T core network and outside of it, is expected to be deployed in the years to come in Greece, with the port of Piraeus being the number one priority given its high levels of vessel traffic. Among others, the Port of Piraeus accepts a large number of cruise liners and other passenger and vehicle ferries, which remain berthed for several hours in some cases, burning conventional fuels, and emitting large quantities of polluting gases. Fixed recharging points for stationary airplanes currently only exist at the Athens International Airport (El. Venizelos) whereas other airports offer recharging via movable generators. The installation of new fixed recharging points for stationary airplanes at airports, especially those with low levels of traffic (and increased traffic during the summer) is an economically non-viable solution primarily because of the high initial installation costs.

Hydrogen:So far, no regulatory framework has been put in place in Greece on the installation of hydrogen supply facilities at fuel and power supply stations. In the years to come, hydrogen is not expected to be promoted as a fuel in the transport sector.

CNG: The actual number of vehicles in circulation in Greece today is around 8 million, of which only 1,400 are CNG-powered. By 2020, the current number of CNG-powered vehicles will have increased approximately 10-fold. By 2025, the CNG vehicle penetration rate, compared to all vehicles in circulation in Greece, is expected -in keeping with other countries- to be 0.5%. In Greece, a small number of vehicles use only CNG as a fuel, out of which 463 are passenger vehicles, 127 are trucks and 310 are buses. Demand for natural gas is gradually rising but at very low rates, and, in that context, a gradual increase in new CNG supply infrastructure is expected in the years to come, reaching 25 supply points in 2020 (public and private).

LNG: In Greece, LNG is not used by heavy-duty vehicles and demand is not expected to change immediately, until a comprehensive LNG supply network is in place. The option of transporting LNG to all Greek regions presupposes the development of infrastructure to store LNG under suitable conditions. By developing a comprehensive LNG transport and storage network, it appears that, over time, there will be potential for supplying LNG to a large number of Greek regions. So far there are no facilities at Greek ports for supplying LNG to ships, since, currently, there is no demand for it from the short-sea shipping sector. However, it is possible to provide ships berthed at the Port of Piraeus with LNG by transporting it from Revythousa facilities on specially fitted vessels.