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France

Capital: Paris
Population: 67,028,048
Total land area (km2): 551,500 km2
Passenger cars: 33,020,132
Highway (km): 11,618 km
Category Description
Purchase Subsidies

France - Purchase Subsidies

(1) Bonus System for Long-Term Purchase or Lease Financing (> 2 years) for passenger cars (VP), vans (CTTE) and specialized motorized vehicles (VASP), as well as to two- or three-wheeled vehicles and quadricycles within the meaning of the Article R. 311-1 of the Highway Code. Vehicles eligible for the bonus may be registered by individuals or by companies. For a CO2 emissions with a rate of 0 to 20 g - a Private car, van or specialized motor vehicle receives a bonus of € 6,000 (up to 27% of the acquisition cost). This corresponds to 100% electric vehicles equipped, if necessary, with a range extender. Remarks: Rechargeable hybrid vehicles are no longer eligible for the bonus in 2018; Vehicles ordered before January 1, 2018 and billed before April 1, 2018, may benefit from the schedule that was in effect in 2017, in the case where it is more advantageous. (2) Trade-In Bonus for Cars that are offerd for scrappage. This concerns Diesels (before 2001 or 2006 if non-taxable household) and Gasoline cars (1997) where the bonus is 2000 euro (non-taxable household) or 1000 euro (taxable household) when buying a 2nd hand electric vehicle or a Crit'air 1 or 2 ICE car < 130 CO2/km and 2500 euro when buying a new electric vehicle. Also, a trade in for (electric) 2/3 wheel vehicles and quadricycles are subject to a bonus (3) Electric bicycles are subsidized for 20% of the total cost up to 200 euro (4) In the departement Bouches-du-Rhone, 5.000 additional subisidy can be received (5) Starting in 2021, there will be a 1,000 euro subsidy for the purchase of used BEVs.
Registration Tax Benefits

France - Registration Tax Benefits

(1) An environmental penalty is enforced as a registration tax, starting from 120g CO2/km. The tax is calculated staggered increasing with increasing emissions. All vehicles under 120g CO2/km are exempt from this tax (2) Registration Regional Tax - Most regions 100% discount, some 50% some 0%
Ownership Tax Benefits

France - Ownership Tax Benefits

TVS Tax is applicable to company (passenger) cars. It takes into account 2 components. The first component is based on CO2 Emissions (or Horse Power for older vehicles), is calculated with a staggerd approach and is exempted for vehicles <60g CO2 / km. The second component is based on environmental impact and is also staggered, and much higher for (older) diesel vehicles. New EVs pay 20€ per year.
Company Tax Benefits

France - Company Tax Benefits

TVS Tax is applicable to company (passenger) cars. It takes into account 2 components. The first component is based on CO2 Emissions (or Horse Power for older vehicles), is calculated with a staggerd approach and is exempted for vehicles <60g CO2 / km. The second component is based on environmental impact and is also staggered, and much higher for (older) diesel vehicles. New EVs pay 20€ per year.
Local Incentives

France - Local Incentives

With a green card (eligible for EV's) up to two hours of free parking in certain municipalities
VAT Benefits

France - VAT Benefits

VAT can be recovered for 100% on electricity - TO BE CLARIFIED FURTHER!!

Incentives for infrastructure purchasing

France - Incentives for infrastructure purchasing

(1) 30% tax credit on installation of charge infrastructure at personal homes 
(2) The ADVENIR premium covers the costs of supply and installation of charging points up to 40% for companies and public entities and 50% for residential collective until the end of 2018

Announced policy changes

France - Announced policy changes

France’s scrappage scheme will be continued and it will be raised and extended in 2019. The OEM's Renault, PSA, Toyota, BMW, Ford, Kia and Mazda all having agreed to pay their part of a premium paid for old gas guzzlers in exchange for an electric car or plug-in hybrid. The details have yet to be worked out. It is certain though that the French government wants to raise the scrap premium from 2,000 to 2,500 euro for all new and second-hand electric or hybrid cars for the lower-income households by 2019. For all other households, the premium of 2,500 euro is to include hybrid cars too, not only full EVs, as it is today. Initially, only 100,000 drivers were expected to apply for the premium. However, 250,000 people have claimed the financial support so far in France – a number that is expected to rise to 300,000 applications before the year’s end.
Other Financial Benefits

France - Other Financial Benefits

With a green card (eligible for Evs) up to two hours of free parking in certain municipalities
Category Description
Purchase Subsidies

France - Purchase Subsidies

(1) Bonus System for Long-Term Purchase or Lease Financing (> 2 years) for passenger cars (VP), vans (CTTE) and specialized motorized vehicles (VASP), as well as to two- or three-wheeled vehicles and quadricycles within the meaning of the Article R. 311-1 of the Highway Code. Vehicles eligible for the bonus may be registered by individuals or by companies. For a CO2 emissions with a rate of 0 to 20 g - a Private car, van or specialized motor vehicle receives a bonus of € 6,000 (up to 27% of the acquisition cost). This corresponds to 100% electric vehicles equipped, if necessary, with a range extender. Remarks: Rechargeable hybrid vehicles are no longer eligible for the bonus in 2018; Vehicles ordered before January 1, 2018 and billed before April 1, 2018, may benefit from the schedule that was in effect in 2017, in the case where it is more advantageous. (2) Trade-In Bonus for Cars that are offerd for scrappage. This concerns Diesels (before 2001 or 2006 if non-taxable household) and Gasoline cars (1997) where the bonus is 2000 euro (non-taxable household) or 1000 euro (taxable household) when buying a 2nd hand electric vehicle or a Crit'air 1 or 2 ICE car < 130 CO2/km and 2500 euro when buying a new electric vehicle. Also, a trade in for (electric) 2/3 wheel vehicles and quadricycles are subject to a bonus (3) Electric bicycles are subsidized for 20% of the total cost up to 200 euro (4) In the departement Bouches-du-Rhone, 5.000 additional subisidy can be received (5) Starting in 2021, there will be a 1,000 euro subsidy for the purchase of used BEVs.
Registration Tax Benefits

France - Registration Tax Benefits

(1) An environmental penalty is enforced as a registration tax, starting from 120g CO2/km. The tax is calculated staggered increasing with increasing emissions. All vehicles under 120g CO2/km are exempt from this tax (2) Registration Regional Tax - Most regions 100% discount, some 50% some 0%
Ownership Tax Benefits

France - Ownership Tax Benefits

TVS Tax is applicable to company (passenger) cars. It takes into account 2 components. The first component is based on CO2 Emissions (or Horse Power for older vehicles), is calculated with a staggerd approach and is exempted for vehicles <60g CO2 / km. The second component is based on environmental impact and is also staggered, and much higher for (older) diesel vehicles. New EVs pay 20€ per year.
Company Tax Benefits

France - Company Tax Benefits

TVS Tax is applicable to company (passenger) cars. It takes into account 2 components. The first component is based on CO2 Emissions (or Horse Power for older vehicles), is calculated with a staggerd approach and is exempted for vehicles <60g CO2 / km. The second component is based on environmental impact and is also staggered, and much higher for (older) diesel vehicles. New EVs pay 20€ per year.
Local Incentives

France - Local Incentives

With a green card (eligible for EV's) up to two hours of free parking in certain municipalities
VAT Benefits

France - VAT Benefits

VAT can be recovered for 100% on electricity - TO BE CLARIFIED FURTHER!!

Incentives for infrastructure purchasing

France - Incentives for infrastructure purchasing

(1) 30% tax credit on installation of charge infrastructure at personal homes 
(2) The ADVENIR premium covers the costs of supply and installation of charging points up to 40% for companies and public entities and 50% for residential collective until the end of 2018

Announced policy changes

France - Announced policy changes

France’s scrappage scheme will be continued and it will be raised and extended in 2019. The OEM's Renault, PSA, Toyota, BMW, Ford, Kia and Mazda all having agreed to pay their part of a premium paid for old gas guzzlers in exchange for an electric car or plug-in hybrid. The details have yet to be worked out. It is certain though that the French government wants to raise the scrap premium from 2,000 to 2,500 euro for all new and second-hand electric or hybrid cars for the lower-income households by 2019. For all other households, the premium of 2,500 euro is to include hybrid cars too, not only full EVs, as it is today. Initially, only 100,000 drivers were expected to apply for the premium. However, 250,000 people have claimed the financial support so far in France – a number that is expected to rise to 300,000 applications before the year’s end.
Other Financial Benefits

France - Other Financial Benefits

With a green card (eligible for Evs) up to two hours of free parking in certain municipalities