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Original language: finland npf.pdf
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF document itself.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels.
NPF date of adoption: March 2017
Finland’s national target for road transport in 2050 is near-zero emissions. The target for shipping is a 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 as a result of LNG and biofuel use and other measures. In aviation, the target is to bring the share of renewable or other emission-reducing solutions up to 40% as minimum by 2050.
Finland’s target for vehicles using alternative fuels is that all new vehicles sold in Finland are compatible with alternative fuels already in 2030. Vehicles that can be powered by either electricity, hydrogen, natural gas/biogas and/or liquid biofuels, also in high concentrations,1 will be included in the target. The target for 2025 is that 50% of new cars and vans could be powered by an alternative fuel, and the goal for 2020 is a 20% share of these vehicles. The target set for heavy-duty vehicles is that 60% of new trucks and buses would be compatible with an alternative fuel by 2025, with a 40% share already in 2020.
The recharging point network in Finland will be proportioned for some 20,000 electric vehicles in 2020 and for a minimum of 250,000 vehicles in 2030. Consequently, a minimum of 2,000 recharging points accessible to the public should be provided in 2020 and 25,000 in 2030. Of the Finnish ports, Helsinki, Oulu and Kemi offer their customers the possibility of using shore-side electricity supply. Shore-side electricity can be used to meet the ship's power needs while in port, eliminating the need to run the vessel’s main or auxiliary engines. Shore- side electricity in ports is an emission and noise free alternative. Of the Finnish airports, Helsinki-Vantaa offers the most comprehensive range of ground power. The target is that the largest Finnish ports would offer facilities for using shore-side electricity supply at the latest in 2030. In practice, the airport provides all permanent bays with a fixed 400 Hz ground power interface, as well as 400/50 Hz sockets to which mobile 28 VDC ground power equipment can be connected. The airport operator also offers mobile equipment. Of the other Finnish airports, bays with a passenger boarding bridge in Oulu and Rovaniemi offer a fixed 400 Hz system. Terminal traffic in ports and at airports should be approaching zero emissions by 2050.
In late 2015, there was one hydrogen-powered car and two hydrogen refuelling points in Finland. One of these points was located in Vuosaari port in Helsinki and the other in Voikoski, Southern Savo. Both of these are compliant with the general hydrogen refuelling point standards with their fuelling pressures of 350 bar and 700 bar. The number of hydrogen refuelling points would total around 20 in 2030. The number of hydrogen-powered vehicles would be included in the target for electric vehicles.
The target for gas-powered vehicles is set at a minimum of 5,000 vehicles in 2020 and 50,000 in 2030. The number of gas refuelling points (natural gas and biogas) would be some 50 points in 2020. In July 2016, there were some 1,940 vehicles powered by compressed gas (CNG, CBG) in Finland, and the first liquid gas vehicles (LNG, LBG) had also arrived on the Finnish roads.
The first public refuelling stations of liquid gas for heavy-duty vehicles in Finland will open in Helsinki and Turku in autumn 2016. Several other LNG stations are being planned. LNG terminals built for shipping needs can also serve heavy-duty vehicles in the future. The first LNG fuelled ship in Finland, Viking Grace, started operating on Baltic Sea passenger services in 2013. Turva, the Border Guard’s LNG-powered ship, has been deployed in various patrol and SARS missions in the Baltic Sea since 2014. Around ten other LNG ships are either in service or on order in Finland: icebreaker Polaris, Tallink Megastar, two ships for ESL-shipping, and six ships for Containership. A network of LNG terminals with a relatively wide coverage will emerge on the Finnish coast in the Bay of Bothnia and Gulf of Finland over the next few years. The first terminals are being built in Pori (completed in autumn 2016) and Tornio (due for completion in 2018), and the following ones probably in Hamina and potentially also in Rauma.