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English translation: estonia npf.en.pdf
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF document itself.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels.
NPF date of adoption: tbc
The objective of Estonia is to increase the usage of renewable energy sources in road transport to 10% of the spent fuel by 2020. The ambition is to achieve this objective in particular by the means of three fuel types – liquid biofuels including biodiesel, biomethane and electricity. Liquid biofuels will probably constitute the greatest part of the objective fulfilment, followed by biomethane (ca 20-30% of the objective) and electricity which maximum contribution to the achievement of the objective is ca 0,5%.[MOVE1]
Considering that the maritime transport has the greatest negative environmental impact in the transport sector, Estonia focuses on this particular sector in increasing the proportion of alternative fuels.
Electricity:Depending on the growth of demand the shore-side power supply will be expanded and improved. In the framework of Estonian-Latvian cross-border cooperation programme, by 2019 the network of small ports will be created whereby 10 ports will be reconstructed or built which by completion ensure, inter alia, the availability of the shore-side electrical power supply.
Hydrogen:Hydrogen is an alternative fuel with great potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions which usage possibilities are being researched more and more in different areas. Currently in Estonia there are no hydrogen powered vehicles in the road transport and the first parts of the charging infrastructure are still in planning.
CNG:There are currently about 2000 vehicles registered in the vehicle register which use CNG as fuel or have installed an additional device enabling to use it. There are currently only 6 CNG filling stations and it is one of the reasons because of what the usage of CNG vehicles is not widespread. Encouraging the creation of a comprehensive network of filling stations is until 2020 in this field the main challenge which would help to bring biomethane to the market as renewable transport fuels.
LNG: In Estonia, the first LNG vessel started to run in 2017 on Tallinn – Helsinki route. If it will be a profitable project, the gradual transition also of other vessels to LNG may be assumed within a decade. In 2015 the supervisory board of the AS Tallinna sadam that belongs to the state confirmed the construction of LNG terminal, including LNG bunkering terminal to Muuga port, the deadline of which completion is the first half of the year 2017. As the result of the completion of the terminal, the LNG supply will be guaranteed in Estonian TEN-T main network port.