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NPF highlights

Download the full NPF documents:

English translation: denmark npf.en.pdf

Original language: denmark npf.pdf


On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and  complete overview, we  advise to read the NPF document itself

The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels. 


NPF date of adoption: February 2017

The Government’s long-term goal for 2050 is for Denmark to be a low-emissions society that is independent of fossil fuels. It covers all sectors. The switching of public transport buses from conventional fuels to alternative fuels is typically governed by local political choices. The transport companies are responsible for the political choices being converted to procurement of more environmentally friendly buses, which is typically achieved by putting greater emphasis on environmental aspects in public tenders.

Electricity:Based on the Danish Energy Agency’s baseline projection, a total number of around 30,000 electric cars is expected in Denmark in 2020. This figure is expected to rise to around 65,000 in 2025.More specifically, it is expected that it will be possible to ensure continued supply with at least one publicly available recharging point per 10 electric cars through the primarily market-driven deployment of recharging points for electric cars.

An initiative has already been taken to lower the electricity tax on shore-side electricity supply. The framework conditions for establishing shore-side electricity supply have thus recently improved. No further initiatives will therefore be taken, and shore-side electricity supply will only be established if private investors judge that it should be implemented. The deployment of a shore-side electricity supply was included in considerations in connection with the expansion of the Port of Copenhagen around Nordhavn, but the investment was not deemed to be profitable.

The three largest airports, Copenhagen Airport, Billund Airport and Aalborg, which account for more than 97% of all passenger flights, have already established an electricity supply for stationary aircraft.

Hydrogen:There is a small fleet of hydrogen vehicles in Denmark. There are also a limited number of refuelling facilities for hydrogen which are, however, very well deployed in relation to the number of vehicles. These hydrogen vehicles are primarily purchased through public procurement and tender procedures.

The costs of hydrogen vehicles and infrastructure for refuelling of hydrogen vehicles are higher at present than the costs of the other alternative fuels. As it is not deemed possible to reduce costs to a reasonable level before 2025, hydrogen is not currently included in Government policy on the availability of alternative fuels.

CNG: There is a very limited number of vehicles in Denmark that can use compressed natural gas as their fuel. No significant commercial sales to private individuals of vehicles of this type are expected in the period up to 2020 and 2025.Addition of gas vehicles to the vehicles on the road is, however, expected through public procurement and tenders. These are buses in public transport and specially equipped vehicles, for example for refuse collection.

LNG:LNG is not used at present for road transport in Denmark. In consideration of possible users of LNG vehicles from other countries travelling to somewhere in Denmark, or who are transiting through Denmark, it may be desirable in the longer term for a basic refuelling infrastructure for LNG to be deployed along the TEN-T road network in Denmark.

LNG installations are in place or have been decided upon at three ports in Denmark. None of these is in the TEN-T Core Network. The ports concerned are those of Hirtshals, Frederikshavn and Hou (solely for the use of the Samsø ferry), the first two of which are on the combined TEN-T network. In addition, there are a number of ports that have prepared a financial sustainability analysis prior to investment in LNG installations. These include the following ports: Aarhus, Copenhagen, Esbjerg, Fredericia, Rønne and Orehoved. In order to promote the establishment of LNG refuelling points, Denmark stresses that development is market-driven.