Download the full NPF documents:
English translation: czech republic npf.en.pdf
Original language: czech republic npf.pdf
Download the National Implementation Report 2019:
NPF highlights and 2019 NPF reporting on implementation highlights
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF) as well as the 2019 Reporting by the Member States on the NPF implementation.
According to Art. 10(1) of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive, each Member State shall submit to the European Commission a report on the implementation of its National Policy Framework on a tri-annual basis, and for the first time by or before 18 November 2019. Those Reports must contain a description of the measures taken in the reporting Member State in support of alternative fuels infrastructure build-up. An overview of the Reports notified by [Member State] and received by the Commission to date is provided here below (download section), including an English translation where applicable.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance biofuels or synthetic fuels. The highlights are extracts from the NPF documents. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF documents.
Highlights 2019 Reporting on the NPF implementation
The National Action Plan for Clean Mobility included a forecast that up to 17,000 electric-powered passenger and goods vehicles could be in operation in the Czech Republic in 2020. Although the number of electric vehicles in operation by then will clearly not be even one third of that (the forecast is now for about 5,000 electric vehicles (note EAFO: as of July 2020 there are 6,000 EVs in Czech Republic). In addition, the updated forecasts drawn up this year for the update to the National Action Plan for Clean Mobility should also be taken into account. They show that, even though the uptake of electro-mobility in the Czech Republic has not been as fast as originally expected or in line with developments in certain western European countries in particular, the Czech Republic is still on course for just over 200,000 vehicles by 2030, as predicted in the National Action Plan for Clean Mobility. If the optimistic scenario worked out, this number could be more than doubled. The current number of vehicles powered by natural gas is slightly less than forecasted, and this is mainly due to the reduced offering of these vehicles resulting from the transition to the new Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test cycles. The updated forecasts drawn up this year for the update to the National Action Plan for Clean Mobility show a much lower number of these vehicles in 2030 than predicted in the original updated forecasts drawn up this year for the update to the National Action Plan for Clean Mobility (46,000 as against the original aim of 250,000 CNG vehicles), but the outlook for LNG goods vehicles, on the other hand, is very good. At present, five LNG vehicles are registered, and their number has more than doubled in the first three quarters of this year alone compared to last year. The updated forecast in the National Action Plan for Clean Mobility this year counts on the number of LNG vehicles rising to at least 5,000 by 2030, with the more optimistic scenario envisaging 12,000 vehicles. The 2015 National Action Plan for Clean Mobility did not include any concrete forecast for numbers of hydrogen vehicles by 2030. Based on the above study and further refinement of the forecast in the update to the National Action Plan for Clean Mobility, the number of hydrogen cars can be expected to reach between 40,000 and 60,000 in 2030.
The Czech Republic’s report on implementation of the national framework can be summarised in the following conclusions:
1) Alternative fuels infrastructure development is proceeding in the Czech Republic basically in accordance with the targets which the country set out in 2015 in the National Action Plan for Clean Mobility. Even though the 2020 target for charging stations will clearly be delayed, the number of publicly accessible charging stations in operation by 31 December 2020 will undoubtedly be closer to the specified target than electric vehicle numbers will be. In addition to this, there are several objective reasons justifying this slight delay. The number of publicly accessible charging stations should also at least include those that will be at an advanced stage of construction by the deadline. According to statistics from the Czech Gas Association, there were 200 CNG filling stations in the Czech Republic by the third quarter of this year. See http://www.cng4you.cz/cng-info/statistiky.html At present, there are about 500 publicly available charging points in the Czech Republic, but this number does not yet include most of the new charging stations supported by the Connecting Europe Facility.
2) With regard to electric vehicle numbers, the main message is that the updated forecast from this year for 2030 confirms that the original target of 200,000 vehicles should not only be met but clearly also slightly surpassed. The slight delay in the uptake of electro-mobility compared to the original forecast in 2015 will thus be compensated for mainly in the period after 2025, when automotive plants are expected to see intensive manufacturing activities, making the vehicles more affordable.
3) In the case of CNG vehicles, the Czech Republic set a very ambitious target for 2030 in 2015. The new and less optimistic forecast for CNG vehicles reflects the current lack of new vehicles powered by this fuel, and also the unfavourable developments in European legislation, which could not have been foreseen in 2015. However, we expect substantial growth in numbers of LNG and hydrogen vehicles by 2030, and this is confirmed among other things by the increased interest now seen in the subsidy programme promoting LNG and hydrogen filling stations.
4) Although it has not yet been possible to implement all the measures intended in the 2015 National Action Plan for Clean Mobility, the scope of the measures implemented shows that the Czech Republic is devoting considerable attention to the issue of clean mobility and the deployment of alternative fuels in transport. Measures whose implementation relies on the use of European funds are key here. The draft update to the National Action Plan for Clean Mobility which is due to be submitted to the Czech government by the end of this year, indicates that this strategy is to be continued in the coming years. From the Czech Republic’s perspective, the key issue is to ensure that discussions proceed smoothly with the European Commission over the operational programmes in the new programming period and over the new proposal envisaged for the notification of public support under the next subsidy heading in support of infrastructure for alternative fuels, and that the expected scope of the support is not put at risk.
Highlights NPF (date of adoption: October 2015)
The National Action Plan for Clean Mobility (NAP CM) for the period from 2015-2018 and looking forward to 2030 is based on the requirement under Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure to adopt an appropriate national policy framework for the development of the market as regards alternative fuels in the transport sector and the deployment of the relevant infrastructure. The NAP addresses electromobility, CNG, LNG and, to a limited extent, hydrogen technology (or fuel cell technology). Following on from the basic strategic documents issued by the Government of the Czech Republic in the areas of energy, transport and the environment (the State Energy Policy, the Transport Policy of the Czech Republic for 2014-2020 with the prospect of 2050, the State Environmental Policy of the Czech Republic 2012-2020 and the Regional Development Strategy of the Czech Republic 2014-2020 and the National Programme to Reduce Emissions) and in order to meet the Czech Republic’s basic energy, environmental and transport policy objectives, the following proposals have been made:
• a reduction in the negative impacts of transport on the environment, in particular as concerns emissions of air pollutants and emissions of greenhouse gases,
• a reduction in dependence on liquid fuels, a diversification of the source mix and higher energy efficiency in transport.
When preparing this document, we relied on the CR’s current and anticipated future commitments to the EU in the area of greenhouse gas emissions and the relevant Europe 2020 strategy objectives, particularly as regards the decarbonisation of the transport sector. In all these respects, the NAP CM also contributes to the implementation of the CR’s National Reform Programme 2014 and 2015.
The share of alternative fuels in transport must be increased in order to achieve the planned reduction in emissions from transport (according to current statistics, biofuels will have the largest share in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport to 2020, which are addressed by the National Action Plan for Energy from Renewable Sources). The development of other alternative fuels must be supported in order to achieve the objectives set for 2020. As far as CNG, LNG, electricity and hydrogen are concerned, we reckon that CNG use will play the greatest role in reducing greenhouse gases to 2020. After 2020, we expect to see a significant increase in electromobility and vehicles powered by LNG and subsequently in vehicles based on hydrogen technology.
Electricity: The vision for the development of electromobility in the CR, on which the individual strategic objectives and measures described below in the NAP CM are based, is to achieve a situation where 250 000 electric vehicles are operating in the CR by 2030. In future, the TCO of an electric car will converge on that of vehicles with conventional powertrains, and temporary measures that aim to reduce these costs may contribute to the greater presence of electric vehicles on the market today. Pursuant to Directive 2014/94/EU, the basic starting point for determining the desired number of public recharging stations is the expected number of electric vehicles that can be charged by this infrastructure (i.e. relating to BEV and PHEV) to the end of 2020. Here, the NAP CM is working with the assumption of 17 000 electric vehicles, of which 6 000 should be BEV and 11 000 PHEV.
Electromobility goes a long way to addressing the issue of noise in cities, particularly at low speeds of up to 30 and 50 km/h. At higher speeds, when tyre/aerodynamic noise increases significantly, the advantage given by electromobility diminishes.
Given the (current situation), it does not seem effective to consider the installation of charging points at public ports in the CR in the near future or to lay down any goals concerning infrastructure for electricity supplies in inland ports under the National Action Plan for Clean Mobility. However, in view of the requirement set out in the Directive, this issue will have to be re-examined during the next revision of this Action Plan. Within the Czech Republic, it is relevant to analyse this issue primarily in relation to the Václav Havel Prague airport, which is the only one in the CR to qualify as a ’major airports’ under EU legislation7. The airport is currently equipped with electricity connections (400 Hz) to all 31 parking spots served by boarding bridges.
Hydrogen: Hydrogen is a highly mediatised energy source for transport from a medium and, primarily, long-term perspective. Although developments in this technology will still primarily take place in R&D activities during the period to the next revision of the NAP CM, the CR should nevertheless develop some support activities, aimed for example at an increase in reliability, a reduction in the purchase price and integration with other types of alternative fuels and overall commercialisation. As an example, the deployment of a fleet of hydrogen-powered buses or light freight vehicles for the centres of major cities might be considered. However, this must be preceded by a detailed feasibility study to assess the potential for the use of hydrogen power in the Czech Republic.
CNG: The total fleet of CNG vehicles in the Czech Republic has grown by an average of 41% a year over the past decade. For CNG buses, the average annual increase was 15%. The fleet of freight vehicles has grown significantly only over the past 6 years, increasing by more than 35% annually. The vision for the development of CNG-powered vehicles in the CR, on which the individual strategic objectives and measures described below in the NAP CM are based, is to achieve a situation where, at the latest by 2030 in the ideal (optimistic scenario (O1A) the share of total fuel consumption accounted for by natural gas consumption is 10%, which would correspond to around 250 000 vehicles fuelled by CNG. Past experience shows that one of the most important impulses/factors influencing demand for CNG-fuelled vehicles is a cut in the rate of excise duty on natural gas, which beings significant savings in running costs to operators of vehicles powered by natural gas.
LNG: The vision for the development of LNG-powered vehicles in the CR, on which the individual strategic objectives and measures described below in the NAP CM are based, is to achieve a situation by 2030 where the number of registered LNG-powered vehicles totals around 1 300.
Although a number of activities are under way at various levels in relation to the use of LNG as a fuel in inland navigation, converting vessels to this power source presents a number of and technological challenges. The deployment of such modified vessels on the Elbe-Vltava waterway is expected to be very limited, at least during the initial phase (to 2030). It does not appear effective, in the near future, to build refuelling stations at public ports in the CR for vessels using LNG as a fuel.