Download the full NPF documents:
English translation: cyprus npf.en.pdf
Original language: cyprus npf.pdf
Download the National Implementation Report 2019:
NPF highlights and 2019 NPF reporting on implementation highlights
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF) as well as the 2019 Reporting by the Member States on the NPF implementation.
According to Art. 10(1) of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive, each Member State shall submit to the European Commission a report on the implementation of its National Policy Framework on a tri-annual basis, and for the first time by or before 18 November 2019. Those Reports must contain a description of the measures taken in the reporting Member State in support of alternative fuels infrastructure build-up. An overview of the Reports notified by [Member State] and received by the Commission to date is provided here below (download section), including an English translation where applicable.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance biofuels or synthetic fuels. The highlights are extracts from the NPF documents. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF documents.
Highlights 2019 Reporting on the NPF implementation
Regarding the future development and further penetration of alternative fuels in the transport sector, a study was conducted by the German company Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, entitled ‘Technical assistance in order to assess and formulate recommendations for the promotion and penetration of alternative fuels in the transport sector’. The purpose of the study was to present a comprehensive proposal setting out future scenarios for wider use of the various alternative fuels in Cyprus’s transport sector and policies and measures to promote such fuels, taking into account the country’s specific features, with the aim of Cyprus meeting its mandatory energy and climate targets in the area of transport. The study was finalised in July 2017.
In addition, the Swedish KTH Royal Institute of Technology conducted a study in which energy modelling software was developed for the purposes of Cyprus’s national energy planning. The study aimed to set out a roadmap for meeting renewable energy targets by 2020 and climate and energy targets by 2030 as cost- effectively as possible. As part of the preparation of the National Energy and Climate Governance Plan, a study of the impact of the policies and measures included in the Plan was completed in late 2019 by the Cyprus University of Technology and the Cyprus Institute, with funding from the European Commission’s Structural Reform Support Service. The Plan includes policies and measures to promote alternative fuels in transport.
Studies on the use of natural gas in the transport sector are being conducted under the CYnergy project funded by the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF).
Specifically, Activity 3 ‘NG in Road Transportation: Design, Legislation & Implementation Plan’ analyses the potential use of natural gas (NG) in the form of compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) in transport.
Electricity: The use of electricity in transport is currently limited. There are currently 170 registered electric vehicles and 40 charging points (20 double points).
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG): There is a legislative framework in place allowing LPG to be used for autopropulsion. Vehicles are being converted for such use and more than 20 applications have been submitted seeking planning permission to install LPG pumps. Supply of motor LPG was launched in August 2018 with the issuing of permits for the first two service stations in Nicosia. Subsequently another six filling stations obtained permits and installed gas pumps. Motor LPG consumption nevertheless remains at very low levels.
Natural gas: Natural gas (NA) is currently not being used in the transport sector as there is no market for natural gas in Cyprus due to its geographical isolation, the small size of the market and the lack of interconnections with other gas networks.
Introducing natural gas to meet the needs of the domestic market is a priority of our energy strategy. 13 December 2019 a contract was signed between the Natural Gas Infrastructure Company of Cyprus (ETYFA) and a consortium of Chinese, Greek and Norwegian interests: China Petroleum Pipeline Engineering CO Ltd — CPP, METRON S.A., Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Co. Ltd and Wilhelmsen Ship Management Limited. Under the terms of the tender, the Consortium has 24 months from the date the project was launched to complete the infrastructure works. With regard to NG supply, on 4 June 2019 DEFA announced a common preselection procedure for suppliers under which interested suppliers submitted an expression of interest (EOI), either for the supply of base quantities through a long-term sales and purchase agreement (SPA) or for supply via the spot market on the basis of a multi-party master sales agreement (MSA), or both. The deadline for submissions was 6 September 2019, and 25 companies expressed interest. A tender for medium/long-term LNG supply in Cyprus and the ‘Open Season’ procedure for the expression of interest in NG/LNG by potential buyers in Cyprus are expected to be announced in 2020, so as to allow the necessary infrastructure to be completed and gas supply to the Cypriot domestic market to be launched in early 2022.
Highlights NPF (date of adoption: April 2017)
Regarding the future development and further penetration of alternative fuels in the transport sector, a study is being carried out by the German organisation Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, entitled ‘Technical assistance in order to assess and formulate recommendations for the promotion and penetration of alternative fuels in the transport sector’. The purpose of the study is to present a comprehensive proposal setting out future scenarios for wider use of the various alternative fuels in Cyprus’s transport sector and policies and measures to promote such fuels, taking into account the country’s specificities. The aim is for Cyprus to meet mandatory energy and climate targets in the area of transport. The preliminary results were presented on 6 April 2017.
Electricity - road: vehicle estimate for 2020 between 100 and 2,000.
Electricity – shipping: Shoreside electricity (SSE or OPS): this matter is currently being assessed by the Cyprus Ports Authority, which participates in the Elemed project involving a study on shore-side electricity supply to vessels calling at Cypriot ports which are part of the core Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T).
Electricity – planes at terminals: The Department of Civil Aviation will examine the possibility of installing power supply for stationary aircraft at Larnaca and Paphos airports towards the end of 2017.
Hydrogen: no actions
NG: Natural gas (LNG, CNG) is currently not being used in the transport sector as there is no market for natural gas (NG) in Cyprus due to its geographical isolation, the small size of the market and the lack of interconnections with other gas networks. The Natural Gas Market Regulation Laws of 2004 to 2012 are aligned with Directive 2009/73/EC concerning common rules for the internal market in natural gas (‘the Directive’). The Directive on which the Law is based gives Cyprus the possibility to derogate from some of its articles as it can be considered an isolated or emergent market. These characteristics therefore allow Cyprus to derogate from specific provisions of the Law under both the Law and the Directive.
LNG-shipping: The Cyprus Ports Authority participates in the European ‘Poseidon Med II’ project, which was submitted under CEF-MOS to prepare and conduct a study regarding the siting and future development of LNG bunkering infrastructure in Cypriot ports. The relevant decisions to install LNG refuelling points in maritime and inland ports outside the core Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) will be made once the study referred to above has been completed.