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NPF highlights

Download the full NPF documents:

English translation: bulgaria npf.en.pdf

Original language: bulgaria npf.pdf

Download the National Implementation Report 2019:

Bulgaria NIR

NPF highlights and 2019 NPF reporting on implementation highlights

On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF) as well as the 2019 Reporting by the Member States on the NPF implementation.

According to Art. 10(1) of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive, each Member State shall submit to the European Commission a report on the implementation of its National Policy Framework on a tri-annual basis, and for the first time by or before 18 November 2019. Those Reports must contain a description of the measures taken in the reporting Member State in support of alternative fuels infrastructure build-up. An overview of the Reports notified by [Member State] and received by the Commission to date is provided here below (download section), including an English translation where applicable.

The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance biofuels or synthetic fuels. The highlights are extracts from the NPF documents. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and  complete overview, we  advise to read the NPF documents


Highlights 2019 Reporting on the NPF implementation 

Based on the National Report prepared in compliance with the provisions of Article 10(1) of Directive 2014/94/ЕU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, the following conclusions can be drawn:

  • Progress was made with regard to the legal measures in the field of alternative fuels.
  • A number of national-level strategic documents contain texts on the implementation of the National Policy Framework for the Development of the Market as regards Alternative Fuels in the Transport Sector and the Deployment of the Relevant Infrastructure.
  • A programme of the National Trust EcoFund in support of public institutions for the purchasing of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles has been implemented since 2016.
  • Support was provided under various operational programmes for the purchase of electric buses in large Bulgarian towns.
  • Albeit at a slower rate, the number of electric vehicles and of hybrid vehicles is growing. An increase is registered in the number of vehicles powered by liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas.
  • The number of electric buses used in the public transport is growing.
  • The first fully electric car sharing company providing mobility in Sofia – SPARK – has been in operation since October 2017.
  • The phased-in deployment of an electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the road transport is implemented at municipality level by private investors.
  • In the waterborne transport, shore-side electricity supply and the relevant infrastructure are available in the public transport sea ports and the inland waterway ports for public transport as part of the core and the comprehensive TEN-T network. A slight increase in provision of the service is observed in maritime ports.
  • On the territory of the largest Bulgarian airport – Sofia Airport EAD, there are 6 airbridge-equipped gates in operation at Terminal 2 that provide 400 Нz power supply and pre-conditioned air by stationary power converters and air conditioners fixed onto the passenger boarding bridge. The service is part of the overall passenger boarding package and is used by all airlines using a passenger boarding bridge at Terminal 2.
  • Since January 2018, Sofia Airport EAD has had 3 charging stations for electric vehicles with charging power of 22 kW. They are located near Terminal 2 and are provided for use under a subscription contract.
  • An electric bus is used for passenger transportation between Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 of Sofia Airport.
  • We believe the finances provided under the ESF+, ERDF, the Cohesion Fund for the 2021—2027 programming period and under the Competitiveness and Innovation Operational Programme will facilitate the rapid development of alternative fuels and the deployment of the relevant infrastructure.

A specific feature of the Bulgarian vehicle fleet is its age structure. In 2017, around 86 % of vehicles were over 10 years old, while new vehicles (from 1 to 5 years old) accounted for 5 % of the total number, and 9 % were in the age range of 6 to 10 years.

Compared to previous years, the age structure of passenger cars in the country remains unchanged. The predominant share is represented by vehicles aged over 20 years (1 009 424), with 69 % (1 909 182) of all passenger cars being over 15 years old. The smallest share is held by new passenger cars that are up to 5 years old – only 91 022, and those in the 6-10 years age range – 7 %. Note (EAFO): in 2016 only 8% of new registered passenger cars were new cars; for buses and trucks this was about 30%.


Highlights NPF (date of adoption: May 2018)

The overall objective of the policy framework is to create a suitably favourable environment for the broader use of alternative fuels and propulsion systems in the transport sector and to put in place conditions that are comparable with those in other developed EU countries. 

The long-term aim (post-2030) is to fully deploy electromobility, use natural gas more widely as a standard fuel and take hydrogen technology beyond the R&D stage.

Electricity - road: in the long term there is no alternative to electric propulsion systems. The paradigm shift and the massive deployment of electromobility worldwide is a unique opportunity for Bulgaria. By the end of 2015, the shore-side electricity (note: this is most likely low power only) was available at a total of 31 ports and port terminals (seaports and river ports of national and regional  importance located in the comprehensive TEN-T core network).

Hydrogen: the scope for establishing a national network of hydrogen refuelling stations will be explored. The aim is to develop a model that best suits Bulgarian economic conditions.

CNG: the CNG vehicle market in Bulgaria is currently relatively well developed, but future prospects are unfavourable because the fleet is worn out and obsolete. CNG refuelling infrastructure has yet to be built along the roads in the TNT-T Network on the territory of Bulgaria. The priority for the period to 2020 will be to build CNG and LNG infrastructure along TEN-T transport corridors in Bulgaria. 

LNG: Identifying the national short-term and long-term objectives for the supply of water transport with LNG entails investigating the scope for building the number of LNG refuelling points at seaports needed to allow LNG-powered vessels to sail on inland waterways or LNG-powered seagoing vessels to sail on the TEN-T core network. The LNG refuelling points required at Bulgarian sea ports are to be built by 31 December 2025. The study must also determine the number of LNG refuelling points. The LNG refuelling points needed at Bulgarian inland ports are to be built by 31 December 2030.