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NPF highlights

Download the full NPF documents:

English translation: bulgaria npf.en.pdf

Original language: bulgaria npf.pdf


On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and  complete overview, we  advise to read the NPF document itself

The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels. 

The overall objective of the policy framework is to create a suitably favourable environment for the broader use of alternative fuels and propulsion systems in the transport sector and to put in place conditions that are comparable with those in other developed EU countries. 

The long-term aim (post-2030) is to fully deploy electromobility, use natural gas more widely as a standard fuel and take hydrogen technology beyond the R&D stage.


NPF date of adoption: May 2018

Electricity: in the long term there is no alternative to electric propulsion systems. The paradigm shift and the massive deployment of electromobility worldwide is a unique opportunity for Bulgaria. By the end of 2015, the shore-side electricity (note: this is most likely low power only) was available at a total of 31 ports and port terminals (seaports and river ports of national and regional  importance located in the comprehensive TEN-T core network).

Hydrogen:the scope for establishing a national network of hydrogen refuelling stations will be explored. The aim is to develop a model that best suits Bulgarian economic conditions.

CNG:the CNG vehicle market in Bulgaria is currently relatively well developed, but future prospects are unfavourable because the fleet is worn out and obsolete. CNG refuelling infrastructure has yet to be built along the roads in the TNT-T Network on the territory of Bulgaria. The priority for the period to 2020 will be to build CNG and LNG infrastructure along TEN-T transport corridors in Bulgaria. 

LNG:Identifying the national short-term and long-term objectives for the supply of water transport with LNG entails investigating the scope for building the number of LNG refuelling points at seaports needed to allow LNG-powered vessels to sail on inland waterways or LNG-powered seagoing vessels to sail on the TEN-T core network. The LNG refuelling points required at Bulgarian sea ports are to be built by 31 December 2025. The study must also determine the number of LNG refuelling points. The LNG refuelling points needed at Bulgarian inland ports are to be built by 31 December 2030.