Download the full NPF documents:
English translation: austria npf.en.pdf
English translation: austria npf annex.en.pdf
Original language: austria npf.pdf
Original language: austria npf annex.pdf
On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and complete overview, we advise to read the NPF document itself.
The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels.
NPF adopted: November 2016
In its National Policy Framework, Austria models three scenario’s for transport decarbonisation including alternative fuels deployment. The WEM scenario produced by the Austrian Federal Environmental Agency forecasts the development of alternative fuels in the transport sector, taking into account the measures that have already been adopted (business-as-usual). The Agency’s WAM scenario includes measures that have not yet been adopted. The third scenario - WAM Plus – depicts a change in trends in the transport sector, with assumptions and far-reaching measures that go beyond the WAM scenario, such as the modal split in passenger and freight transport or environmentally-friendly modes of transport that have greatly reduced annual MIV mileage.
Electricity: The electrification of road transport shall play a major role in the following years. In the electromobility scenarios, the Federal Environment Agency assumes a broader introduction of electric vehicles from 2017 onwards, because new vehicle models have been announced in several vehicle classes, ensuring a broader vehicle offer. In addition, the higher ranges and lower costs anticipated for battery systems will make these vehicles increasingly attractive, both for commercial and private use. In the WEM scenario, the number of electric vehicles (battery-powered vehicles and plug-in hybrids) will rise to around 64 000 electric vehicles by 2020, with far-reaching additional measures such as further economic incentives and the substantial expansion of infrastructure. By 2030, in the WEM scenario this will increase to 930 000 electric vehicles, while in the WAM scenario this will increase to just under 1.7 million electric vehicles, almost 75% of which are purely battery-powered.
With regard to shore-side electricity of inland waterway vessels, Austria has a basic supply. However, its environmental advantages and its acceptance by ship-owners is low, while the investment costs are high. Electricity for idle aircraft is available at all Austrian airports.
Hydrogen:Austria is planning the construction of a hydrogen supply network for road traffic. Due to the high construction costs associated with hydrogen filling stations, the infrastructure is closely tied to the development of the vehicle market.
CNG: The market development of CNG in Austria is sluggish despite the expanded infrastructure and the existing technical and regulatory framework. If the potential of using natural gas as fuel is not exploited to a large extent, the existing infrastructure will be dismantled in the medium and long term.
LNG: Currently, LNG does not play an important role in inland shipping or heavy traffic in Austria. Therefore, the establishment of the LNG infrastructure was not treated as a priority issue. Altogether, the construction of three or four combined LNG-CNG filling stations is planned in the medium term. In any case, the question whether the substitution of fossil fuels is meaningful and ecological in the medium and long term must be thoroughly examined.
In shipping, the construction of LNG filling stations for refuelling ships on lakes within Austria is excluded due to low demand. Only the construction of a single stationary LNG terminal along the Danube, could prove economical. The Danube shipping sector is expected to follow the path of development of its North-West European counterparts. Currently, Austria plans the construction of at least one dual-use LNG filling station by 2030.