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Capital
Bucarest
Population
19401658
Gross Domestic Product (in billion EUR)
€ 199.29
Total land area (km2)
238392 km2
Passenger cars
6450750
Highway (km)
763 km
PEV Market Share
0.07%
Gross Domestic Product Capita (in EUR)
€ 10053.98
Sources


Sources AF road vehicles

   

BEV

PHEV

FCEV

LPG

CNG


LNG


M1

Passenger Cars

Government - DRPCIV/ACEA

Government - DRPCIV/ACEA Government - DRPCIV/ACEA Government - DRPCIV/ACEA Government - DRPCIV/ACEA

X


LEV

Light Electric vehicles

X

X

X

X

X


X


M2+M3

Busses

X

X

X

X

Eurostat


Eurostat


N1

Light Commercial Vehicles

Government - DRPCIV/ACEA

Government - DRPCIV/ACEA

Government - DRPCIV/ACEA

Government - DRPCIV/ACEA

Government - DRPCIV/ACEA


X


N2+N3

Heavy Duty

X

X

X

X

X


X

 

Sources AF Infrastructure

  


Electric Recharging Stations (AC + DC)


AVERE and Eco-Movement


Tesla Recharging Stations


AVERE and Eco-Movement


Hydrogen Filling Stations


H2-Map.eu (FCH-JU)


CNG Filling Stations


NGVA


LNG Filling Stations


NGVA


LPG Filling Stations


MyLPG.eu 

NPF summary

NPF highlights and 2019 NPF reporting on implementation highlights

On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF) as well as the 2019 Reporting by the Member States on the NPF implementation.

According to Art. 10(1) of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive, each Member State shall submit to the European Commission a report on the implementation of its National Policy Framework on a tri-annual basis, and for the first time by or before 18 November 2019. Those Reports must contain a description of the measures taken in the reporting Member State in support of alternative fuels infrastructure build-up. An overview of the Reports notified by [Member State] and received by the Commission to date is provided here below (download section), including an English translation where applicable.

The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance biofuels or synthetic fuels. The highlights are extracts from the NPF documents. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and  complete overview, we  advise to read the NPF documents

 

Highlights 2019 Reporting on the NPF implementation 

Deployment of adequate alternative fuels infrastructure in Romania is an objective included in the European Strategy for Sustainable Transport, which states that a sustainable transport policy should handle traffic intensity and the increasing levels of congestion, noise and pollution and foster the use of transport types with a low impact on the environment and of intermodal transport solutions, as well as providing an adequate level of accessibility to the persons holding alternative fuel powered vehicles.

The measures listed in the National Framework Policy Strategy, which are intended for implementation by the public authorities, will be correlated with the measures already adopted by public institutions and the private environment, so that the results reflect the development potential of the market in Romania and the global trends in the area of alternative fuels.

In accordance with Article 2 of Government Decision No 87/2018, the Coordination Council for Development of the Alternative Fuels Market (CC DPCA) was set up for the implementation of the measures laid down in the National Policy Framework Strategy with a view to providing expertise for the implementation and monitoring of the National Policy Framework Strategy for developing the alternative fuels market in the transport sector and deploying the relevant infrastructure in Romania.

Electricity: In the Programme for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in transport by promoting non- polluting and energy-efficient road transport vehicles, generally referred to as “RABLA PLUS”, 2 350 electrical and hybrid electrical plug-in motor vehicles were marketed, as follows:

- in 2018, 810 electrical and hybrid electrical plug-in motor vehicles, of which 699 solely electrical motor vehicles and 111 hybrid electrical plug-in motor vehicles;

- in 2019, 1 540 electrical and hybrid electrical plug-in motor vehicles, of which 1 311 solely electrical motor vehicles and 229 hybrid electrical plug-in motor vehicles.

Under the Programme for air quality improvement and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by using less polluting motor vehicles in the local public passenger transport, 32 electrical buses, 100 trolleybuses and 150 electrical hybrid plug-in buses were purchased in the period 3 October-2 November 2018.

The Ministry of Energy has centralised 246 recharging points for electrical vehicles to this date, identifying them with exact addresses by geographical coordinates, operating hours and available charging capacity. The reception of data and its centralisation are still in progress in the following months and it will be available on the website of the Ministry of Energy in editable format. Moreover, this data will be most likely updated on a monthly basis. Moreover, the Ministry of Energy considers assessing the possibility of creating an interactive map of the alternative fuel refuelling and recharging points in Romania.

Hydrogen: The use of hydrogen as alternative fuel is currently considered at the research- development stage at the National Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells of the National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenic and Isotopic Technologies Râmnicu- Vâlcea.

LPG: The total number of motor vehicles equipped with LPG systems as a result of the Periodic Roadworthiness Test (PRT) is 261 504. 254 275 motor vehicles equipped with retrofitted LPG fuelling units and 7 229 motor vehicles equipped by the manufacturer with petrol + LPG biofuel fuelling units have been registered. Approximately 10 601 motor vehicles11 in the number of motor vehicles equipped with a LPG system upon manufacturing were registered in Romania in 2019 according to the official data, of which: 69 exclusively LPG fuelled motor vehicles and 10 532 LPG fuelled motor vehicles using also petrol concomitantly.

Natural gas - CNG: As regards the recharging infrastructure, the CNG station network in Romania includes three stations, with a potential of extension in the near future with nine CNG fueling stations throughout the TEN-T corridor. The CNG fuelling network will include a series of cities from Arad, via Bucharest, up to Constanța. Official data indicates that 374 motor vehicles are equipped exclusively with CNG systems and 2102 motor vehicles are equipped with CNG systems, using petrol concomitantly.

Natural gas – LNG:Three documents were prepared under the LNG MASTER PLAN project:1a pre- feasibility study on the construction of a small capacity LNG terminal in Constanta Port , a study on the construction of an LNG terminal in the Galati Port and a study on the possibility of adapting the Navrom Galati fleet to using LNG as fuel.

A pilot city has been identified in Romania for the installation of an LNG terminal and an opportunity study was developed for the construction and refurbishment of ships using LNG fuel, with the possibility of constructing an LNG terminal in Constanta Port.

 

Highlights NPF 

No NPF has been received

NPF explained

In accordance with Article 3 of Directive 2014/94/EU (Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive), Member States were obliged to adopt National Policy Frameworks (NPFs) and report them to the European Commission by 18 November 2016. NPFs should include national targets for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the respective Member State.

The Directive furthermore sets (qualitative) requirements for the roll-out of infrastructure for recharging electric vehicles in urban and suburban areas and refueling natural gas vehicles in urban and suburban areas and on the TEN-T core network. It also contains provisions for LNG infrastructure on the core network and in (inland and maritime) ports. It is largely in the discretion of Member States to set requirements for hydrogen infrastructure through the NPFs. The recitals of the Directive recommend some specific metrics for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, while others have been suggested by the Commission in its assessment of the NPFs.

Under the reporting obligations of the Directive, the Commission is tasked with assessing the overall relevance and effectiveness of NPFs and their coherence at Union level. The assessment of the deployment of infrastructure along the TEN-T network is of particular relevance.

For that reason, EAFO is now publishing the integral text of the National Policy Frameworks, including an English translation where necessary, and an overview of the most important features of the National Policy Frameworks (see Downloads & Highlights). Furthermore, we also track progress towards meeting the targets established therein (see Targets and Progress).

Please note that the National Policy Frameworks have been formally assessed by the European Commission. The result of this work is available here: https://ec.europa.eu/transport/sites/transport/files/legislation/swd20190029.pdf

More information: https://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/urban/cpt_en

Procurement

www.mt.ro; webpage of the Romanian Ministry of Transport and infrastructure with general information and data of road transport/traffic.
www.rarom.ro webpage of the Romanian Automobile Registry with a pollution tax calculator, certified workshops for LPG vehicles, etc.
www.mfinante.ro webpage of the Romanian Ministry of Finance with information on vehicle taxation
www.mmediu.ro  webpage of the Romanian Minister of Environment and Forests with general information on vehicle environmental emission in Romania
www.anpm.ro webpage of the Romanian Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with i.e. data on the national emission inventory related to road transport
www.afm.ro webpage of the Romanian Environmental Fund Administration with information on the funding system for car fleet renewable
www.icim.ro webpage of the National Institute for Environmental Research and Development managing the air emission assessment
www.anrmap.ro/indexen.php webpage of the national authority for regulating and monitoring public procurement
www.cnsc.ro  webpage of the Romanian National Council for Solving Complaints in Public Procurement
www.e-licitatie.ro Romanian Electronic System for Public Procurement – ESPP with tenders i.e. for vehicle procurement
www.topten.info.ro Romanian version of the top ten internet portal with clean vehicle ranking and further information on clean vehicle standards
www.fabricadebani.ro Romanian commercial information portal including news on vehicle taxation and other fiscal issues relevant for clean vehicles