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Capital
Paris
Population
67028048
Gross Domestic Product (in billion EUR)
€ 2828.41
Total land area (km2)
551500 km2
Passenger cars
33020132
Highway (km)
11618 km
PEV Market Share
1.19%
Gross Domestic Product Capita (in EUR)
€ 42175.42
Sources


Sources AF road vehicles

   

BEV

PHEV

FCEV

LPG

CNG


LNG


M1

Passenger Cars

AVERE FRANCE; ACEA

AVERE FRANCE; ACEA

AVERE FRANCE; ACEA

AFGNV/ACEA

AFGNV/ACEA


X


LEV

Light Electric vehicles

AVERE FRANCE

X

X

X

X


X


M2+M3

Busses

X

X

X

X

AFGNV


Eurostat LPG/LNG


N1

Light Commercial Vehicles

AVERE FRANCE; ACEA

AVERE FRANCE; ACEA

AVERE FRANCE; ACEA

Eurostat LPG/LNG

AFGNV


X


N2+N3

Heavy Duty

X

X

X

X

AFGNV


X

 

Sources AF Infrastructure

  


Electric Recharging Stations (AC + DC)


Chargemap/Bornes Recharge and Eco-Movement


Tesla Recharging Stations


Third Party and Eco-Movement


Hydrogen Filling Stations


H2-Map.eu (FCH-JU)


CNG Filling Stations


NGVA


LNG Filling Stations


NGVA


LPG Filling Stations


MyLPG.eu 

NPF summary

Introduction

On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and  complete overview, we  advise to read the NPF document itself

The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels. 

 

NPF date of adoption: France 2018

France has as objective to diversify the energy mix in the transport sector, whatever the mode of transport, in particular by promoting electromobility, Natural Gas Vehicles (CNG/LNG) and bio-CNG/LNG, biofuels, LPG and bio-LPG. Several uncertainties associated with the prospects for development of alternative fuels have been identified. Uncertainties associated with changing energy prices impacting directly the attractiveness of certain AFs. Uncertainties associated with changing vehicle fleets and competition between fuels for vehicle segments. Different alternative fuels can meet the needs of the same vehicle segment. In addition to mapping how the various vehicle segments and fuels match up, account must be taken of the uncertainty in these various segments, as the objective is to avoid developing infrastructure that has no economic value. This is the case with buses, which can be powered by CNG, LNG, hydrogen or electricity. Similarly, with regard to hydrogen, the increasing range of batteries for electric vehicles may eventually put pressure on the market segments of certain vehicles. Uncertainties associated with behaviour particularly in terms of electricity which is characterised by a very different refuelling model from the traditional model. 

Electricity: As part of the clean mobility development strategy, France has set itself the ambition of 2 400 000 electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in 2023 (passenger cars and light-duty commercial vehicles). Battery cost reduction and increase of range are expected to help electromobility become more widespread. Shore-side electricity (SSE or OPS): at the moment only one French maritime port (Marseille-Fos) offers an electricity connection delivering high power (in excess of 1 MVA), intended for merchant vessels when in port. A socioeconomic assessment has identified the minimum conditions (quay occupancy rate, density of the surrounding urban environment, etc.) required for a shore-side electricity supply service to be cost-effective in socioeconomic terms, and has ranked the quays that it would be most appropriate to equip and connect to the electricity system by 2025. Development of shore-side electricity supply services should concentrate on the ro-ro terminals that accept RoPax vessels (vehicles and passengers) and on the cruise ship terminals situated close to a dense urban area. The ports of Paris, Strasbourg, Le Havre, Rouen, Lille and Lyon for inland waterway transport are likely to be offering a shore-side electricity supply by 2025. It should be noted that a shore-side electricity supply offer is specific to a type of vessel and quay.The vast majority of airports have 400 Hertz connections for those stands forming part of the terminals, for the seven main airports, 504 out of 625 stands at terminals are equipped.

Hydrogen:France favours a ‘cluster’ or ‘captive fleet’ approach for the development of hydrogen within the national territory. This ‘start-up’ strategy straight-away meets the need in terms of range and refuelling speed that is not currently met by electric vehicles, while reducing the risks associated with developing new infrastructure: deploying vehicles and stations where there is demand to ensure that the station is sufficiently used from its opening.

CNG: The development of natural gas for transport in France was initially focused on the public transport market and numerous local authorities currently have a bus fleet fuelled by CNG. It has since been extended to street cleaning vehicles and captive fleets of light-duty vehicles. CNG was the subject of an agreement in 2005 between the public authorities and several operators in the sector, with the aim being to ensure its wider use in the light-duty vehicle segment and among private individuals. However, its use in light-duty vehicles remains well below the targets set by the agreement. At the end of 2015, there were just over 12 000 CNG vehicles in France, mainly consisting of captive fleet vehicles with access to dedicated refuelling stations. 

LNG:The use of LNG for heavy duty trucks is increasing rapidly. In France, several projects involving stations accessible to heavy-duty vehicles are being implemented or have been announced, initiated by local public stakeholders and/or private operators. In France, annual demand for marine LNG could be between 150 kt and 500 kt by 2025, the initial main users of marine LNG are expected to be cruise ships. If the optimistic demand scenario is achieved, the marine LNG refuelling offer may be extended to other ports in the TEN-T core network, and even to certain ports in the TEN-T comprehensive network. For inland ports, uncertainties about future demand are still too great to define a target within the timescale of the Directive.

NPF explained

In accordance with Article 3 of Directive 2014/94/EU (Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive), Member States were obliged to adopt National Policy Frameworks (NPFs) and report them to the European Commission by 18 November 2016. NPFs should include national targets for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the respective Member State.

The Directive furthermore sets (qualitative) requirements for the roll-out of infrastructure for recharging electric vehicles in urban and suburban areas and refueling natural gas vehicles in urban and suburban areas and on the TEN-T core network. It also contains provisions for LNG infrastructure on the core network and in (inland and maritime) ports. It is largely in the discretion of Member States to set requirements for hydrogen infrastructure through the NPFs. The recitals of the Directive recommend some specific metrics for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, while others have been suggested by the Commission in its assessment of the NPFs.

Under the reporting obligations of the Directive, the Commission is tasked with assessing the overall relevance and effectiveness of NPFs and their coherence at Union level. The assessment of the deployment of infrastructure along the TEN-T network is of particular relevance.

For that reason, EAFO is now publishing the integral text of the National Policy Frameworks, including an English translation where necessary, and an overview of the most important features of the National Policy Frameworks (see Downloads & Highlights). Furthermore, we also track progress towards meeting the targets established therein (see Targets and Progress).

Please note that the National Policy Frameworks have been formally assessed by the European Commission. The result of this work is available here: https://ec.europa.eu/transport/sites/transport/files/legislation/swd20190029.pdf

More information: https://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/urban/cpt_en

Procurement

www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/-Securite-et-emission-des-vehicules,5… webpage of the Le ministère du Développement durable which includes general information/regulation related to vehicles in France
www2.ademe.fr/servlet/getDoc webpage with general information on green vehicles
www2.ademe.fr/servlet/KBaseShow webpage including a wide range on different items related to clean vehicles and environmental friendly driving behaviour including a ranking of cars with regard to the CO2 emission which is also used for the eco label; the webpage also includes a calculator for vehicle tax according to the vehicle type (taxation is based on the eco labelling): the webpage also includes a decision making tool for low CO2 emission vehicles
www.gnvert.fr webpage with a list of CNG refuelling stations
www.lemnet.org/LEMnet_Land.asp webpage with a list of recharging stations for electric vehicles in France
www.guidetopten.fr webpage ranking cars according to their environmental performance as well as other information on green vehicles.
www.ecocitoyens.ademe.fr/mes-deplacements webpage for promoting ecologic citizenship including information on green vehicles and green mobility
www.autoweb-france.com webpage with car technical data base for various types including emission
www.latribuneauto.com webpage with car technical and commercial data base for various types including emission
www.ugap.fr webpage of the central purchasing authority also presenting information and document about the public tendering of vehicles