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Gross Domestic Product (in billion EUR)
€ 438.84
Total land area (km2)
83858 km2
Passenger cars
Highway (km)
1743 km
PEV Market Share
Gross Domestic Product Capita (in EUR)
€ 50659.23

Austria’s comprehensive transport plan sets quantitative objectives to 2025 which include reducing transport emissions of CO2, PM2,5 and NOX, increasing the share of freight transported by rail and increasing the use of public transport and electric cars. However, Austria does not have a comprehensive sustainable fuel outlook. In 2012 the federal government adopted a national implementation plan “Electromobility in and from Austria” which specifies 65 measures for promoting clean vehicles and sustainable transport. Austria’s understanding of electromobility is deliberately broad, covering various propulsion technologies, and ranging from already well-electrified public transport over duty vehicles and cars to bikes. Promoting electromobility from a transport perspective is seen akin to promoting changes in mobility behaviour as such.

2015 in Austria saw a very dynamic e-bicycle market with Austrian manufacturer KTM Fahrrad GmbH stating that e-bicycles already contribute half of their annual revenues.

New registrations of BEVs in 2015 increased by 30.9% in 2014. The PHEV market experienced two-and-a-half-times as many new registrations of PHEV (+ 153%) compared to the previous year. The beginning of 2016 was marked by a reform in company car taxation with significant benefits for zero-emission vehicles so that the BEV and FCEV numbers are expected to pick up over 2016.

The introduction of sustainable fuels is promoted by various ministries at national level as well as supporting programmes at the regional and incentives at the local levels. Supporting activities range from research and development promotion over tax incentives and focused purchase incentives to broader mobility management measures as well as dedicated support for start-ups.


National-level contacts


Short description


Contact person

Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology

Responsible for general transport policy as well as R&D and implementation support for alternative fuels

Develops National Policy Framework for 2014/94

Hans-Jürgen Salmhofer, Executive Department Mobility Change and Decarbonisation

Federal Ministry for Sustainability and Tourism

Responsible for purchase incentives and mobility management support

Robert Thaler, Department IV / 2, Clean Mobility Juergen Streitner, Department VI / 1, Energy Policy and Energy-Intensive Industries

AustriaTech – Federal Agency for Technological Measures Ltd.

Supports the Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT), e.g. in the field of Electromobility

Thomas Eberhard

A3PS – Austrian Agency for Alternative Propulsion Systems

Public-Private-Partnership of Transport Ministry and automotive sector

Wolfgang Kriegler, Managing Director

AEA – Austrian Energy Agency

Supports the Environment Ministry in implementing the Austrian climate protection initiative klimaaktiv mobility

Willy Raimund, Center Mobility & Transport

Environment Agency Austria

Sustainable fuels in transport market outlook

Guenther Lichtblau, Transport & Noise

AMP – Austrian Mobile Power

Industry platform to promote electromobility in Austria

Heimo Aichmaier, Managing Director

BEÖ – Austrian Association for Electromobility

Regional Utility Platform for the promotion of electromobility

Juergen Halasz, Chairman

BiEM – Austrian initiative for Electromobility

SME initiative for the promotion of electromobility

Helmut-Klaus Schimany, Chairman



NPF summary

On this page, we provide relevant information on the topic of alternative fuels vehicles, infrastructure or support measures as provided in the National Policy Framework (NPF), in principle as an extract from the NPF, with some additions to give context where necessary. These highlights should not be considered summaries of the NPFs. For a full and  complete overview, we  advise to read the NPF document itself

The highlights for all National Policy Framework follow more or less the same structure: we first explain the modelling approach where one has been provided, we then explain the objectives or key focus areas of the NPF and then provide an overview of the key messages for those alternative fuels with distinct infrastructure requirements for which Member States had to develop national targets according to the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (electricity, hydrogen, LPG, CNG and LNG - therefore not covering for instance LPG, biofuels or synthetic fuels. 


NPF adopted: November 2016 

In its National Policy Framework, Austria models three scenario’s for transport decarbonisation including alternative fuels deployment. The WEM scenario produced by the Austrian Federal Environmental Agency forecasts the development of alternative fuels in the transport sector, taking into account the measures that have already been adopted (business-as-usual). The Agency’s WAM scenario includes measures that have not yet been adopted. The third scenario - WAM Plus – depicts a change in trends in the transport sector, with assumptions and far-reaching measures that go beyond the WAM scenario, such as the modal split in passenger and freight transport or environmentally-friendly modes of transport that have greatly reduced annual MIV mileage.

Electricity: The electrification of road transport shall play a major role in the following years. In the electromobility scenarios, the Federal Environment Agency assumes a broader introduction of electric vehicles from 2017 onwards, because new vehicle models have been announced in several vehicle classes, ensuring a broader vehicle offer. In addition, the higher ranges and lower costs anticipated for battery systems will make these vehicles increasingly attractive, both for commercial and private use. In the WEM scenario, the number of electric vehicles (battery-powered vehicles and plug-in hybrids) will rise to around 64 000 electric vehicles by 2020, with far-reaching additional measures such as further economic incentives and the substantial expansion of infrastructure. By 2030, in the WEM scenario this will increase to 930 000 electric vehicles, while in the WAM scenario this will increase to just under 1.7 million electric vehicles, almost 75% of which are purely battery-powered.

With regard to shore-side electricity of inland waterway vessels, Austria has a basic supply. However, its environmental advantages and its acceptance by ship-owners is low, while the investment costs are high. Electricity for idle aircraft is available at all Austrian airports.

Hydrogen:Austria is planning the construction of a hydrogen supply network for road traffic. Due to the high construction costs associated with hydrogen filling stations, the infrastructure is closely tied to the development of the vehicle market. 

CNG: The market development of CNG in Austria is sluggish despite the expanded infrastructure and the existing technical and regulatory framework. If the potential of using natural gas as fuel is not exploited to a large extent, the existing infrastructure will be dismantled in the medium and long term. 

LNG: Currently, LNG does not play an important role in inland shipping or heavy traffic in Austria. Therefore, the establishment of the LNG infrastructure was not treated as a priority issue. Altogether, the construction of three or four combined LNG-CNG filling stations is planned in the medium term. In any case, the question whether the substitution of fossil fuels is meaningful and ecological in the medium and long term must be thoroughly examined.

In shipping, the construction of LNG filling stations for refuelling ships on lakes within Austria is excluded due to low demand. Only the construction of a single stationary LNG terminal along the Danube, could prove economical. The Danube shipping sector is expected to follow the path of development of its North-West European counterparts. Currently, Austria plans the construction of at least one dual-use LNG filling station by 2030.

NPF explained

In accordance with Article 3 of Directive 2014/94/EU (Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive), Member States were obliged to adopt National Policy Frameworks (NPFs) and report them to the European Commission by 18 November 2016. NPFs should include national targets for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the respective Member State.

The Directive furthermore sets (qualitative) requirements for the roll-out of infrastructure for recharging electric vehicles in urban and suburban areas and refueling natural gas vehicles in urban and suburban areas and on the TEN-T core network. It also contains provisions for LNG infrastructure on the core network and in (inland and maritime) ports. It is largely in the discretion of Member States to set requirements for hydrogen infrastructure through the NPFs. The recitals of the Directive recommend some specific metrics for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, while others have been suggested by the Commission in its assessment of the NPFs.

Under the reporting obligations of the Directive, the Commission is tasked with assessing the overall relevance and effectiveness of NPFs and their coherence at Union level. The assessment of the deployment of infrastructure along the TEN-T network is of particular relevance.

For that reason, EAFO is now publishing the integral text of the National Policy Frameworks, including an English translation where necessary, and an overview of the most important features of the National Policy Frameworks (see Downloads & Highlights). Furthermore, we also track progress towards meeting the targets established therein (see Targets and Progress).

Please note that the National Policy Frameworks have been formally assessed by the European Commission. The result of this work is available here:

More information: