European vehicle categories

European classification for vehicle category, based in UNECE standards

M1

Used for the carriage of passengers, with no more than eight seats in addition to the driver seat, also known as passenger cars.

M2

Used for the carriage of passengers, having a maximum mass not exceeding 5 tonnes.

M3

Used for the carriage of passengers, having a maximum mass exceeding 5 tonnes.

N1

Used for the carriage of goods, having a maximum mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes, also known as Light Commercial Vehicle (LCV). Also includes Pick-Up trucks.

N2

Used for the carriage of goods, having a maximum mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes but not exceeding 12 tonnes

N3

Used for the carriage of goods, having a maximum mass exceeding 12 tonnes.

L

Motor vehicles with less than four wheels and some lightweight four-wheelers.

L6

A vehicle with four wheels whose unladen mass is not more than 350 kg, not including the mass of the batteries in case of BEV's, whose maximum design speed is not more than 45 km/h, and whose power does not exceed 4 kW.

L7

Other than that classified for the category L6, whose unladen mass is not more than 450 kg (650 kg for those intended to carrying goods), not including the mass of batteries in the case of BEV's, whose power does not exceed 15 kW.

   

Passenger car classification defined by the  European Commission

A

City cars, ex: Fiat 500, Opel Adam

B

Small cars, ex: Renault Clio, Ford Fiesta

C

Medium cars, ex: Volkswagen Golf, Honda Civic

D

Large cars, ex: BMW 3-Series, Volkswagen Passat

E

Executive cars, ex: Audi A6, Mercedes CLS

F

Luxury cars, ex: Mercedes S-Class, BMW 7-Series

S

Sport coupes, ex: Porsche 911, Peugeot RCZ

J

Sport utility cars, also known as Sport Utility Vehicles (SUV), ex: Volkswagen Tiguan, Mitsubishi Outlander

M

Multi purpose cars, also know as Multi Purpose Vehicles (MPV), ex: Renault Scénic, Ford S-Max