Ten hydrogen-powered pedelecs with a Brose e-bike drive are now in use at a hospital in French Saint-Lô. Maker Pragma Industries claims the fleet to be a world’s first and has lined up additional orders.
It is not the first hydrogen bicycle in the world as the likes of Linde have already showcased similar vehicles and also deployed them in Singapore for example (we reported). However, Pragma Industries may indeed be alone in its endeavour to bring such fuel cell electric bicycles to a wider range of users.
The staff at the Saint-Lô hospital for example will have to share the bikes with tourist during the summer season. All will be able to charge the pedelecs with hydrogen on site dispensed from a charging stations developed by Atawey.
Pragma’s sales manager Christophe Bruniau told Le Monde that they “are being bombarded with requests,” with interest from Denmark and Germany as well as across France. In concrete terms the Biarritz-based Pragma Industries has sent another 10 H2-bikes to Cherbourg, where they will be used from Spring 2018 only since a H2 filling station first needs to be set up. 40 more hydrogen pedelecs in total will be delivered to Chambéry, Ariège, and the communauté d’agglomération Pays basque.
Each hydrogen pedelec weighs 25 kilos and can be recharged in less than two minutes for a range of about 100 kilometres. The electric drive system comes from Brose and power is stored inside a 2-litre hydrogen tank. On its website, Pragma speaks of a 150 Watt fuel cell and an additional 150 Wh Li-ion battery as “bridging energy.”
The hydrogen bicycles incur a cost of 7,500 euros at the moment but the company hopes to cut the price to 3,500 euros by 2020. At Saint-Lô, funding for both the bike fleet and the hydrogen filling station was met by the Agence de l’environnement et de la maîtrise de l’énergie, while local authorities covered the rest.
Der Beitrag Pragma delivers first hydrogen bicycles to French hospital erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
Air Liquide and airport operator Groupe ADP opened the first hydrogen station in an airport zone in France at the Paris-Orly Airport. Another H2 station will follow at Charles de Gaulle Airport and near Versailles in 2018.
Industrial gas multinational Air Liquide has designed the station together with the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (FCHJU), a public-private partnership supported by the European Union. The FCHJU has also backed projects in Birmingham or Scotland recently.
With its strategic location at the Paris-Orly Airport, the latest station signifies growth for a network of hydrogen stations in the Greater Paris Area. The French capital’s main airport, Charles-de-Gaulle (CDG) will also see the installation of a H2 filling facility comes next year.
In the greater scope of transport, Air Liquide counts the new stations into its efforts for a switch to hydrogen transport. That includes a growing fleet of hydrogen taxis in Paris called Hype that have been set up together with the Société du Taxi Electrique Parisien (STEP) reportedly and for which Air Liquide delivers the charge stops.
Der Beitrag H2 filling stations for Paris’s airports by Air Liquide erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
The California Air Resources Board unanimously approved the 2017 Climate Change Scoping Plan, which sets the aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by an additional 40% below 1990 levels by 2030.
This new plan will require California to double the rate at which it has been cutting green house gas (GHG) emissions. The first rules were set out in the Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32) that wanted the Golden state to cut its emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. The new plan is both extension as well as a more ambitious.
As the largest sectoral contributor to GHG emissions (39% in 2015), transport is a major focus of the plan. To cut emissions in the sector, California will complete a high-speed rail system (we are thinking Hyperloop), continue and extend its subsidy policies with the declared goal to “fuel the definitive winners in the market” (again, we are thinking Tesla) and introduce measures that promote sustainable movement as well as cycling and walking.
In more concrete numbers, California needs 4.2 million zero emission and plug-in hybrid light-duty electric vehicles on its roads by 2030. Also, in its California Sustainable Freight Action Plan, the state outlines the deployment of more than 100,000 freight vehicles and equipment capable of zero emission operation.
Furthermore, regulators shall develop a set of complementary policies to make light-duty ZEVs clear market winners, with a goal of reaching 100% light-duty ZEV sales.
Der Beitrag CARB wants to double the rate at which it cuts GHG emissions erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
17 companies and research institutes have formed the Fab4Lib consortium to start the research and development of large scale battery cell production processes this coming January.
The Federation (Bund) funds the initiative for the series production of Li-ion batteries made in Germany with 12.1 million euros. Fab4Lib is made of TerraE, StreetScooter, BMZ, Umicore, Custom Cells, Litarion, Manz, Siemens, ThyssenKrupp, RWTH Aachen and ZSW among others.
Their aim is to develop a production unit with an annual capacity of 6 GWh that is modular so it can be set up where and when needed.
TerraE Holding GmbH is the lead for the 18-month project that will first see a series of demonstrators. The company plans to put those into practice though in its own facilities and is currently planning a German Gigafcatory a là Tesla where it wants to produce up to 34 GWh by 2028.
pem.rwth-aachen.de (in German)
Der Beitrag Fab4Lib to develop German Li-ion cell production on large scale erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
A new “fair use” policy for Supercharger use has gone into effect today in which Tesla forbids commercial clients to charge at its fast-charging stations anywhere in the world.
“Verboten” is the underlying message commercial clients such as cab or fleet operators got from Tesla today as the EV maker published a statement on its legal page that (re-)claims the use of Superchargers for long-distance travel only.
The terms go as far as to threaten Tesla chauffeurs that do not comply with “limiting or blocking your vehicle’s ability to use Supercharger stations” but they are first and foremost asked to “modify” their behaviour.
In detail, the policy asks “that you not charge your vehicle using a Supercharger if your vehicle is being used: as a taxi; for ridesourcing or ridesharing (through Uber, Lyft or similar services); to commercially deliver or transport goods; for government purposes; or for any other commercial venture.”
So this will affect many companies, some of which had done a great deal to promote Tesla and electric driving services such as Tesloop. The small business may be hit rather unfairly as it actually offers long distance travel. If an exception will be made must be seen but Tesla reserved the right to “exclude certain Supercharger stations or occasional trips from the scope of this Policy, such as to accommodate specific local circumstances.”
Also, the policy will just apply to vehicles bought on December, 15 and thereafter. Tesla said it is necessary as charging commercial vehicles has become a problem in some markets with some drivers even leaving them parked overnight. The problem had been addressed exactly a year ago today with Elon Musk announcing the “idle fee” for those blocking a Supercharger after their battery is fully charged.
In the bigger picture, Tesla has been restricting (or charging for) Supercharger use increasingly because not only has the number of Model S and X increased but the Model 3 will add to the global Tesla fleet very soon too. The EV maker plans to extend the network to 10,000 Superchargers worldwide while adding at least the same number of Destination Chargers before the year’s end (we reported). Still, lucky are those that got their Tesla early in the days.
The Amazon of China, Alibaba, is advancing into the electric car market as it invests in EV start-up Xpeng but also reveals plans to sell electric Ford EVs through enormous vending machines like a soda pop can.
Alibaba has just inked a deal with Ford to sell their EVs made in China – offline but in an automated manner still. Alibaba plans to introduce enormous “auto vending machines” that spit out the desired model so the term is to be taken literally.
Customers will have the option to pick a color, enter their information and take a crucial selfie via the Taobao shopping app by Alibaba. They then just have to show their face, again literally, at the vending machine and the EV pops out.
They then have three days to test the vehicle in order to decide if they take to the smartphone app to pay for it, or to arrange to return the car and schedule another test drive. Customers are limited to five test periods every two months to ensure the system isn’t used as a free car hire service.
Alibaba plans to open two facilities at the beginning of next year, one in Shanghai and another in Nanjing. More could follow across China if the facilities prove a success.
But Ford is not the only electric car venture Alibaba has reached out to. It has also bought a 10 percent stake in Xiaopeng or Xpeng, an EV start-up from China that had recently introduced its first electric SUV, the Identy X. It uses Tesla’s open patents and their battery architecture but the cells come from Samsung and not Panasonic.
If the e-SUV will become available through Alibaba’s ‘Auto Vending Machines’ is unclear but a spokesperson said the company is looking to spin its activities in the automotive world further.
Der Beitrag Alibaba plans to sell Ford EVs via vending machines erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
BASF and TODA strengthen their cooperation as they announce to create the world’s largest calcination facility for high nickel Cathode Active Materials in Japan. They will also combine their manufacturing activities in the States.
BASF TODA Battery Materials LLC (BTBM), a joint venture between BASF and TODA, has now tripled its high nickel Cathode Active Materials (CAMs) capacity at its Onoda site in Japan.
Jeffrey Lou, Senior Vice President of Battery Materials at BASF said that with the expansion “BASF (is) further strengthening our market position in high energy cathode active materials for e-mobility applications.”
A similar move is planned in the States were both companies announced they will combine their production facilities in Elyria, Ohio, and Battle Creek, Michigan to form BASF Toda America LLC (BTA). Again it is the growing market for e-mobility driving the alliance.
Der Beitrag BASF and TODA reinforce battery production in Japan and USA erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
EV start-up Lucid Motors wants to build 10,000 units of its Air luxury sedan in it first year. Production is to start in 2019 and shall be scaled to up to 60,000 electric cars per annum shortly after.
For now, Lucid Motors is still constructing its first facility but once the lines in Arizona will be ready to roll, they shall churn out 10,000 units of the Air electric sedan from 2019. Production is to increase six fold to 60,000 units later, that is about half of the maximum capacity of 130,000 electric cars the plant can produce annually.
In an interview with Autocar, Lucid Motors marketing manager David Salguero claimed that the Air’s development is 95 percent complete and that the Air will come to Europe eventually but no official announcement has been made.
As off now, Lucid Motors presented two versions with the top trim claiming a range of 640 kilometres (400 miles) at 100,000 dollar price point. Still, Salguero did not name the Tesla Model S as main competitor but rather referred to luxury performance saloons such as the BMW 750Li.
The manager also said that investors were on board thus trying to calm previous rumours of financial problems and also Ford had recently turned down an offer to buy Lucid Motors.
Der Beitrag Lucid Motors targets 10,000 Air units in its first year erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
Volvo’s performance label Polestar has announced the initial markets for the launch of its premier performance plug-in. The Polestar 1 PHEV will be offered through so-called Polestar Space outlets.
Geely’s premium performance arm Polestar, that had declared in June to become an electric label under the Volvo roof, has set eyes on marketplaces worldwide and wants to launch its first PEV with a new business model based on subscriptions.
The Polestar 1 is to hit the shelves from mid-2019, first in China, the States, Germany, Sweden, Norway, and the Netherlands. Clearly the Volvo brand is targeting large and also maturing markets when it comes to electrification. Other countries will be added to the distribution network later.
The Polestar 1 will be made exclusively in China and facility is already under construction in Chengdu (we reported) and while so far there are only 500 units planned a year, Polestar said demand already exceeds said capacity.
In terms of sales, Polestar plans to set up what the label calls Polestar Spaces and it is to be expected that they will largely follow Tesla concept stores. The business model too seems to have taken inspiration from start-up methods as it is a subscription model, that is basically a reservation option – for now.
Reservations shall be converted to orders once the regular order books for the Polestar 1 open in early 2018. Once a deal is sealed, the Polestar 1 and all future Polestar cars will challenge classic ownership through offering a no-deposit, all-inclusive monthly payment that covers insurance, depreciation, collection and delivery for inclusive servicing, and various on-demand benefits as-and-when required. Pricing has yet to be released.
This subscription model could benefit Polestar greatly in terms of making a premium offer accessible to a broader customer base. Furthermore, it may enable second lives for batteries that could be collected in a concerted manner.
The Polestar 1 has been designed as a plug-in hybrid but claims an electric driving range of 150 kilometres on one charge. However, five all-electric models are scheduled for launch throughout 2021 and both Geely and Volvo are ready to invest hundreds of millions (we reported).
Der Beitrag Volvo’s Polestar announces launch markets for first PEV erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
Australian Alauda presents its electric aircraft Mark 1 Airspeeder. And to launch said VTOL, the company made the unusual proposition to set up the very first flying car race in the desert.
Machines that can vertically take-off and land (VTOL) are wished to be the next thing and certainly the hype got fuel when the likes of Google (through Larry Page) and Uber elevated the idea with Boeing. Use cases were laid out for these zero emission VTOLs to serve as taxis but think about it – with air controls so tight that even drones got a problem, it seems a long way off for regulators to allow flying cabs to take off in the midst of an urban sprawl.
Australian start-up Alauda however, sees a very different market for the electric VTOLs – the Outback, known as desert elsewhere, and sports. It built its own scaled-down prototype already, a racecar-shaped quadcopter and plans on testing the Alauda Mark 1 Airspeeder in 2018.
On Kickstarter the firm combined its call for funding with a campaign for the world’s first “flying car” race in 2019. Given that Boeing, Airbus, Uber and various start-ups such as Passenger Drone, the AirQuadOne, or the German e-Volo are all working on such machines, such a race could actually gather quite a few entrants.
On Kickstarter however, the so-called 2018 Airspeeder Race had found 43 backers so far who had only added 5,000 dollars of the 100,000 dollar funding goal at the time of writing, and so the boys from Alauda got a long way to go in the remaining 26 days.
Renault and Brilliance have closed a deal to build light commercial vehicles together in China and to advance the electrification of powertrains. The joint venture is called Renault-Brilliance-Jinbei.
The partnership had been in the making since Renault acquired a 49 percent in Brilliance’s bus business in July this year. Now the ink is drying on the contract that solidifies the cooperation through the formation of a new joint venture. Renault-Brilliance-Jinbei Automotive wants to produce 150,000 light commercial vehicles (LCV) annually as well as medium and heavy vans.
The first transporters will become available by 2022 using the labels Jinbei, Renault and Huasong. An additional point on the agenda is the electrification of powertrains with most of the technology to come from the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance. Brilliance will add its 220 distribution outlets, manufacturing force and position in the Chinese transporter market.
Brilliance chairman, Qi Yumin wants the joint venture to lead “in three areas: commercial vehicles, new energy commercial vehicles and customised commercial vehicles.”
The vehicles will be made locally in Liaoning province in North-East China.
The lines in Fremont are taking up speed it seems as suppliers for the Model 3 report that Tesla has ordered enough parts to make 5,000 EVs per week as initially planned.
After Tesla had to go through home made “manufacturing hell” in the words of Elon Musk to get the Model 3 production up to speed, the lines are now rolling smoothly at the facility in North California. Taiwanese suppliers such as Hota Industrial, which makes gears and axles, told Taiwanese media that the EV maker increased the demand for parts back to 5,000 units per week this month.
Tesla had previously cut its orders for Model 3 parts by 40 percent (5,000 per week to 3,000). The increased production has led to overtime for the workers in Taiwan, and in order to comply they are even shipping parts via emergency air transport.
Only a week ago, Tesla has begun deliveries to non-employees in California and the States after stocks of Model 3 had been built up (we reported). Overall, Tesla has to fulfil more than half a million orders worldwide and counting.
The Fraunhofer battery alliance has published a study with focus on development perspectives of cell formats used in li-ion batteries for electric vehicles.
The research team examined and evaluated different formats and found out that until 2025, particularly the pouch format and the 21700 format seem to be the most promising cell types. In the long term, the team states that large-size LIB cells will dominate the EV battery cell market.
Indeed, the market for battery cells is still quite heterogenic: While Samsung bets among others on prismatic cells, LG goes rather for the pouch format and Panasonic launches its 18650 and 21700 cells in cylindric format.
batterien.fraunhofer.de, batterien.fraunhofer.de (PDF, both in German)
Bosch CEO Volkmar Denner says that a final decision, whether Bosch starts to produce battery cells, won’t be taken before next year, according to the “Handelsblatt”. But he gives more specific numbers for the first time.
Thus, Denner states that a leading position in the battery cell business would need a market share of approximately 20 percent. As he considers a demand of an overall battery capacity of 1,000 GWh to be likely in 2030, he concludes that Bosch would have to generate 200 GWh until then, taking into account an investment sum of around 20bn euros. The money would not be “any problem” for Bosch, but such a step should be well-considered, according to Denner. Anyway, Bosch would not invest into current battery tech, but try to boost up solid-state battery solutions.
automobilwoche.de, handelsblatt.com (pay wall)
Der Beitrag Bosch to invest 20bn to enter cell production industry? erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
Half of the Japanese carmaker’s global sales shall be obtained through electrified vehicles by 2030. That is what Toyota CEO Akio Toyoda said at a press conference dedicated to the company’s extended battery cooperation with Panasonic (we reported).
In absolute figures, Toyota expects its global sales to reach 5.5m electrified vehicles annually by 2030, among them 4.5 HEVs and PHEVs as well as 1m BEVs and FCEVs.
In this context, Toyota plans to launch its first BEV in China by 2020. Moreover, engineers of the Japanese carmaker are currently developing PHEV versions of the full-hybrid models Corolla Hybrid and Levin Hybrid. So far, the company successfully focussed on the hybridisation of its line-up.
Der Beitrag Toyota to sell 5.5m electrified cars annually by 2030? erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
The Indian manufacturer intends to increase sales of its electric scooters tenfold within the next five years. For this year, Hero Electrics calculates with a sales result of 25,000 units.
Its existing plant in Ludhiana has a production output of 50,000 units annually. In order to increase its production capacity, the company plans now to install additional plants.
In May, Hero Electric announced plans to extend its line-up and thus, to enter the market with two new models every year, starting in 2017. To power the electric scooters, Hero has struck a deal with Bosch to supply electric drives.
The first twelve units of Daimler’s all-electric Fuso eCanter have been handed out to European clients. Six of them go to Deutsche Post DHL, three to Rhenus, two to Dachser and one to DB Schenker.
The four clients deploy their vehicles via a 24-month rental from CharterWay, a Daimler-owned rental and leasing service in the commercial vehicle sector. Since this summer, the eCanter is fully integrated in the FUSO line-up. Its production has been kicked off in Tramagal/Portugal in July, while the first units have been transmitted to clients in New York City in mid-September.
Now it is the task of Daimler subsidiary Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation (MFTBC) to deliver 500 trucks to selected customers throughout the world. The large-scale series production shall follow afterwards in 2019.
The eCanter is said to be the first all-electric light-duty truck from series production. It is able to load up to 4.5 tons. Its battery pack consists of six 13.8 kWh batteries with 420 V each. Together with a 129 kW electric motor, a range of up to 100 km shall be possible. Top speed is at 80 km/h.
Just two month ago, Daimler presented its new product brand E-FUSO. Over the next few years, all of the company’s truck and bus models shall be available also in an additional electric variant.
Der Beitrag Fuso eCanter transmitted to first clients in Europe erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
A Chinese platform provides detailed photos and information about Nio’s electric-powered SUV ES8 that is about to hit the stores in China. Market launch was scheduled for December, 12th, but obviously has been postponed for a few days.
Pricing for Nio’s first serial model will start at 310,000 yuan after incentives (around 40,000 euros). The 240kW seven-seater shall reach up to 355km (NEFZ). Its production is managed by the JV that Nio operates with Chinese manufacturer JAC.
Just recently, the company raised additional 1bn dollars in its latest financial round, lifting the estimated firm’s value to 5bn dollars. The new money has been invested by existing investor Tencent and others.
Der Beitrag Tech details ahead of the Nio ES8’s debut in China erschien zuerst auf electrive.com.
In the wake of the big tax reform in the States, the future of the nationwide EV subsidies providing up to 7500 dollars for EVs has been widely unclear. But according to insiders, the programme stays now finally untouched.
Media reports say that the EV tax incentives are part of a compromise package suggested by the U.S. House and Senate. Both chambers want the EV credit to survive. However, an official statement has not yet been provided.
As reported, U.S. president Donald Trump wanted to cut the federal plug-in subsidy entirely. But already a few days after the tax plan’s first presentation, the senate made clear that it has a different opinion on this subject: In an updated version of the tax plan revised by the senate in mid-November the subsidy had been already entirely back.
The EV subsidiary programme exists since 2009. It is limited to up to 200,000 cars per manfacturer. So far, no OEM has reached this limit, that is also true for Californian EV maker Tesla.
The Japanese manufacturer invests approximately 9m dollars in Chinese electric car sharing service Reachda and thus owns now 10 percent of the company.
So far, Reachda is mainly deploying EVs supplied by Changan. Around 100 cars are currently available in the Chinese provinces of Liaoning, Hebei and Hubei. In 2018, Honda intends to kick off production of its first EV in China. But if the electric-powered SUV is going to join Reachda’s car sharing fleet, is not yet clear.
Just recently, Honda announced to shut down its Samaya facility in Japan to be able to accommodate for EV making at a more modern facility in Yorii, Japan from March 2022. The latter shall become the heart and soul of Honda’s global electrification.
When it comes to Europe, each and every new Honda model will offer some form of electrification, be it hybrid or all-electric. That is what the company stated earlier this year. The hybrid Honda CR-V marks the start next year, followed by the Urban EV (we reported). The Japanese carmaker wants to make two thirds of its sales from electrified models by 2030 but aims to reach this target 5 years earlier in Europe.